Timing, Tempo & Rhythm Beats Per Minute
All music is counted in beats and bars. Each beat is a count and always begins on the first note played, which incidentally is the most pronounced beat. The demo tracks use a high hat sound for the first beat and cowbell for the following beats instead of the usual metronome sound.
A 'Bar' can be several counts in length i.e.,
2/4 - signifies there are 2 beats to 1 Bar
Play track 2x4 to listen.
3/4 - signifies there are 3 beats to 1 Bar
Play track 3x4 to listen.
4/4 - signifies there are 4 beats to 1 Bar
Play track 4x4 to listen.
6/8 - signifies there are 6 beats to 1 Bar
Play track 6x8 to listen.
(All of the files above are 8 bars in length and were recorded at 120 beats per minute)
These numbers are known as 'Time Signatures' and you will see them on sheet music at the start of the notation on the right hand side of the stave. There are many more signatures and we will update this page and the amp as & when we have time.
The time signature indicates how many beats there are in a bar and the kind of note (crotchet, minim etc.) being used to represent a beat. The speed of the beats is known as the tempo and you can use a 'Metronome' or 'Beats Per Minute Counter' to discover the tempo of a song.
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Thanks to lefLefteris Haritou for the internet amp script.
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So how to you use this knowledge? Wether you are singing with a band or backing tracks you will need to count the bars of the songs introduction and breaks to make sure you start to sing at the right point. Once you are familiar with the song you will find that you no longer need to count as you will recognise the start point.
Each songs intro varies, some start immediately and you will need a 'count in' which can be verbal '1, 2, 3, 4' or a click/drum tap. A songs tempo and rhythm may change and you will be expected to change with it in the correct places. There are other clues you can use to start and stop singing in the right places. Listen for a musical 'hook' or 'riff' that is played just before you come in.