How to Write Lyrics: From Traditional Storytelling to the AI Revolution

writing lyrics

You’ve got the melody, you’ve got the groove, but the lyrics? Ah, the Lyrics! The elusive element of a song that can turn a good track into an anthem for the ages. 

If you’ve ever found yourself wrestling with rhymes or tangled in metaphors, you’re in the right place. 

This is the definitive guide on how to write lyrics, designed to take you from jotting down random lines to crafting songs that leave an indelible mark. From the nuts and bolts of structure to a helpful hand from cutting-edge AI tools like chatGPT, we’re diving deep in the art of writing lyrics.

The Role of Lyrics in Music

Lyrics aren’t just words set to a melody; they’re the soul of the song, the emotional core that makes a track unforgettable. Ever found yourself singing along to a tune even when you don’t know what the lyrics mean? That’s the power of well-crafted words—they can stir feelings you didn’t even know you had.

The Emotional Impact of Lyrics

Songs have a unique way of tapping into our emotions. Whether it’s the melancholy of a break-up ballad or the euphoria of a summer anthem, lyrics give us a framework to understand our feelings. They serve as a mirror, reflecting our own experiences and making us feel seen.

Lyrics vs. Instrumentals: A Symbiotic Relationship

While a catchy riff or a killer beat can grab your attention, it’s often the lyrics that make you stick around. Lyrics and instrumentals go hand in hand, enhancing each other to create a fuller, richer musical experience. Think of it like a marriage—each brings something unique to the table, but it’s the combination that makes it magical.

Poetry is just the evidence of life. If your life is burning well, poetry is just the ash.

Leonard Cohen

The Basics of Writing Lyrics

Before you unleash your inner Bob Dylan, it’s crucial to understand the fundamentals of lyric writing. It might not be glamorous, but trust us, even the greats had to start with the basics.

The Importance of Structure

In the world of songwriting, structure is your best mate. It’s the architectural blueprint that holds your lyrical skyscraper together. 

Verses set the scene, introducing listeners to the world you’ve created. They offer the narrative, the backstory, or the situation your song is focused on.

Choruses, on the other hand, are the emotional epicentre of your song. This is where your main message should shine, the core idea or emotion that you want your audience to take away. It’s often the most repeated section in a song, so it needs to be compelling and relatable.

Rhyme Schemes and Their Role

Rhyme isn’t just child’s play; it’s a potent tool in your lyric-writing arsenal. While rhyming may seem straightforward, there’s a labyrinth of techniques that can inject your lyrics with rhythmic nuance and complexity. Here are some of the rhyme schemes and types you should know:

End Rhymes

The classic. These are rhymes that occur at the end of lines. Simple yet effective, end rhymes create a sense of symmetry and flow that can be incredibly engaging.

Internal Rhymes

These are rhymes that occur within a line. By using internal rhymes, you can create a more intricate, layered sound that adds complexity to your lyrics.

Slant Rhymes

Also known as half rhymes, these are words that almost rhyme but not quite. Slant rhymes offer a more subtle form of symmetry, which can give your lyrics a sophisticated edge.

Multisyllabic Rhymes

These are rhymes that involve multiple syllables, sometimes across multiple words. Multisyllabic rhymes can add a rhythmic complexity that makes your lyrics stand out.

ABC, AABB, ABAB Rhyme Schemes

Choosing the right rhyme scheme can make or break your song. ABC schemes offer more freedom but can be less memorable. AABB schemes create couplets, where every two lines rhyme. ABAB schemes alternate, offering a balanced yet dynamic flow.

Understanding rhyme schemes doesn’t just give your lyrics a rhythmic boost; it also provides a roadmap for your song. When used thoughtfully, the right rhyme scheme can amplify your message, making your lyrics not just catchy but also profoundly impactful.

Creating a ‘Hook’

The hook in a song is the crown jewel of every chart hit—the line or phrase that listeners can’t help but remember. This is the part that often becomes a cultural touchstone, the snippet that people hum in the shower or quote to their friends. Crafting a compelling hook is essential for transforming your song from merely good to unforgettable. 

Whether it’s a catchy chorus, a memorable one-liner, the hook serves as your song’s calling card. So invest time and thought into it; it’s the moment that will define your song in the minds of your listeners.

Finding Inspiration

Finding inspiration for your lyrics can sometimes feel like chasing a mirage—always just out of reach. But inspiration is all around you; you just need to know where to look.

Personal Experiences

When it comes to writing lyrics that truly resonate, your own life is often the most fertile ground for exploration. The ups and downs, the love affairs, the moments of triumph and the days of despair—these are the raw materials of epic storytelling. Drawing from your personal experiences doesn’t just make your lyrics more authentic; it also makes them relatable. After all, the emotions you’ve felt are likely to be universal in some way, and capturing them in your lyrics allows others to see their own lives reflected in your art.


If you’re not keen on laying your personal life bare for the world to see, storytelling offers another compelling approach to lyric writing. It allows you to step into different characters and worlds, crafting narratives that can be as complex or as simple as you like. Whether you’re spinning a yarn about a love-struck astronaut* or recounting a historical event, storytelling gives your song a backbone—a clear structure that can help you decide where the song is going and what message it aims to convey. Plus, a compelling story can be just as emotionally resonant as personal experiences, offering listeners an escape or a new perspective.


The World Around You

Don’t underestimate the world’s ability to inspire. From the political landscape to the simple beauty of a sunset, your surroundings are a treasure trove of potential lyric material. Songs like Marvin Gaye’s “What’s Going On” tap into societal issues of the time, turning them into timeless classics that resonate across generations. On the other hand, John Denver’s “Take Me Home, Country Roads” captures the essence of a specific place so vividly that it transports listeners there. Whether you’re stirred by the headlines or by the natural world, your environment can serve as a rich source for lyrics that not only describe but also question, celebrate, or mourn the world we live in.

The Writing Process

You’ve soaked up inspiration from your life, crafted compelling narratives, and observed the world around you. Now comes the pivotal stage: turning those ideas into lyrics. The writing process is where inspiration meets craftsmanship, where your raw thoughts are sculpted into verses and choruses that capture your message and captivate your audience. It’s a journey filled with brainstorming, drafting, and endless revisions—but one that leads to the ultimate reward: a song that stands the test of time.

Brainstorming ideas

The first step in the writing process often feels like staring at a blank canvas, but fear not. Brainstorming is your starting point, the creative free-for-all where no idea is too outlandish and every thought is worth jotting down. Use mind maps, lists, or even random scribbles to get your ideas out of your head and onto paper or screen. Don’t worry about coherence or quality at this stage; the goal is to generate a pool of concepts, phrases, and lines that you can later refine and organise. It’s about breaking the initial inertia and letting your creativity flow.

Mind Maps

Mind maps are a great way to visually organise your thoughts. Start with a central theme or idea, and then branch out into related topics, concepts, or phrases. This exercise helps you see connections you might not have noticed otherwise.


Whether it’s a list of rhyming words, potential themes, or random phrases that catch your fancy, lists are an excellent tool for capturing ideas quickly. You can later sift through these lists to find gold nuggets that make their way into your lyrics.

Random Scribbles

Sometimes the best ideas come when you’re not trying too hard. Don’t be afraid to jot down random thoughts, lines, or even single words that resonate with you. These may serve as the building blocks for your verses, choruses, or bridges later on.

Breaking the Inertia

The hardest part is often just getting started. By giving yourself permission to jot down even the most outlandish ideas, you break the initial inertia that can hinder the creative process.

Utilising AI Tools

Modern AI tools, including Language Learning Models such as ChatGPT, are becoming increasingly helpful in the brainstorming process. They can assist with everything from generating ideas to providing rhyming words. We’ll dive deeper into how to harness the power of AI for lyric writing later in this guide.

Writing Your First Draft

Once you’ve gathered a wealth of ideas through brainstorming, it’s time to take the plunge and start drafting. Your first draft is not about perfection; it’s about getting your ideas down in a coherent form. Here’s how to go about it:

Start with a Core Idea

Choose a central theme, message, or line that will serve as the backbone of your song. This will guide you in crafting the verses, chorus, and other elements.

Lay Down the Structure

Based on your core idea, decide on the structure of the song. Will it follow a traditional AABA, ABAB, or a more experimental format? Sketch out the skeleton so you know where you’re heading.

Fill in the Blanks

Begin populating your chosen structure with lines, phrases, and verses from your brainstorming session. Don’t worry about making it perfect; this is a draft.

Don’t Self-Edit… Yet

Resist the urge to edit as you go along. The first draft is about capturing the essence of your song, not refining it. You’ll have plenty of time for that later.

Complete the Draft

Even if you’re not entirely satisfied, make sure to complete the draft from start to finish. Having a full draft gives you a comprehensive view of your song, making it easier to identify what works and what needs tweaking.

Rewriting and Refining

Once your first draft is complete, the next phase is to rewrite and refine. It’s rare for a first draft to be the final version; your initial ideas will likely need tweaking, rearranging, or even overhauling to hit the right notes. Here’s how to tackle this stage:

Review with Fresh Eyes

Put your draft aside for a little while—whether it’s a few hours or a couple of days—so you can return to it with a fresh perspective. You’ll be better equipped to spot inconsistencies, awkward lines, or areas that need improvement.

Test the Flow

Read your lyrics out loud or sing them to the melody you’ve chosen. This will help you identify lines that might sound awkward, or rhymes that aren’t quite working.

Seek Feedback

Don’t hesitate to share your draft with people you trust, whether they’re fellow musicians, friends, or family. Often, a fresh set of eyes can catch things you missed and offer valuable insights.

Revise Multiple Times

Rewriting is rarely a one-and-done process. Be prepared to go through multiple iterations to get everything just right.

Fine-Tune for Cohesion

Make sure that your verses, choruses, and any bridges work well together, both lyrically and thematically. Cohesion will make your song more engaging and impactful.

Rewriting and refining are where your song truly comes to life. It’s a meticulous process, but one that can transform your initial ideas into a lyrical work of art.

Advanced Lyric Writing Techniques

You’ve mastered the basics and honed your skills through rewriting and refining. Now, it’s time to explore some advanced techniques that can add depth, complexity, and originality to your lyrics.

Wordplay and Double Meanings

When you’re ready to stretch your lyrical muscles, wordplay and double meanings are excellent techniques to consider. These aren’t just clever tricks; they add layers of meaning and intrigue to your lyrics, keeping listeners engaged and coming back for more.

The Power of Puns

Puns allow you to play with the multiple meanings of words in a way that can be both amusing and insightful. They add a lighthearted touch or a deeper layer of complexity, depending on how they’re used.

Double Entendre

This is a word or phrase open to two interpretations, one of which is often risqué or controversial. Double entendres can make your lyrics more provocative or thought-provoking, engaging listeners on multiple levels.

Homophones and Homonyms

Words that sound the same but have different meanings (homophones) or words that are spelled and pronounced the same but have different meanings (homonyms) can add a clever twist to your lyrics.


Sometimes, the power lies in what isn’t said explicitly. Using ambiguous terms or phrases can make listeners ponder the deeper meaning of your lyrics, offering a richer experience.

Thematic Consistency

While wordplay can be entertaining, it’s important to ensure it aligns with your song’s overall theme or message. This ensures that the wordplay serves a purpose beyond just being clever.

Metaphors and Similes

Metaphors and similes are powerful tools for enriching your lyrics, allowing you to convey complex emotions and ideas in a more relatable and vivid way.

Direct Metaphors

These are straightforward comparisons that replace one thing with another. They can make your lyrics more evocative by directly linking abstract concepts to concrete images.

Extended Metaphors

An extended metaphor stretches across multiple lines or even an entire song. This can create a cohesive narrative or theme, giving your lyrics depth and complexity.


Unlike metaphors, similes use “like” or “as” to compare two things. They can add a poetic touch without requiring the listener to make a direct substitution in their mind.

Visual Imagery

Both metaphors and similes often rely on visual imagery to make their point. The more vivid and relatable your imagery, the more impactful your lyric will be.

Thematic Alignment

Make sure your metaphors and similes are in line with the overall theme or message of your song. A misplaced metaphor can confuse listeners, while a well-aligned one can illuminate your song’s meaning.


The unspoken or implied meaning beneath your lyrics, known as subtext, can add a layer of depth that engages your audience on a more emotional or intellectual level.

Show, Don’t Tell

Rather than stating emotions or themes outright, use lyrics that hint at what you’re trying to convey. This invites the listener to engage more deeply with the song.

Open Interpretation

Leaving some elements of your song open to interpretation can create a sense of mystery or ambiguity. This can add a layer of complexity that invites multiple listens.

Emotional Resonance

Subtext can evoke emotions indirectly, through implication or suggestion. This can make the emotional payoff of your song even more potent.

Context and Framing

The way you frame your lyrics can create subtext. For instance, a line delivered ironically can have the opposite meaning of what is actually said.

Cohesion with Main Theme

Subtext should reinforce, not contradict, the main theme or message of your song. Consistency between the text and subtext creates a more engaging and impactful lyrical experience.

Word Painting

Word painting is the art of using lyrics to evoke imagery that mirrors the musical elements of a song. This technique can add a multi-sensory experience to your music, turning your lyrics into a vivid canvas that listeners can ‘see’ as well as hear.

Mimic Musical Phrases

In word painting, the lyrics often mimic the musical phrases to which they are set. For example, ascending scales might be paired with words that suggest rising, like “fly” or “climb.”

Onomatopoeic Words

Using words that sound like what they represent can be a powerful form of word painting. For example, the word “whisper” might be sung softly to emphasise its meaning.

Rhythmic Choices

The rhythm of your lyrics can also serve as a form of word painting. Fast rhythms might be used to evoke excitement or urgency, while slow rhythms can suggest calm or melancholy.

Thematic Echoing

Sometimes, the best form of word painting is to echo the theme or emotion of the song in your word choices and descriptions. For example, a song about heartbreak might use words like “shatter” or “break” to underline the theme.

Sensory Imagery

Use words that evoke specific senses beyond just sight or sound. Describing textures, tastes, or smells can immerse the listener in the world of your song.

Syncopation and Rhythmic Variations

Utilising syncopation and rhythmic variations can add an unexpected twist to your lyrics, keeping your audience on their toes and adding a sense of unpredictability to your songs.

What is Syncopation?

Syncopation involves accenting beats that are usually not accented, thereby disrupting the expected rhythmic flow. This can make your song more engaging and add a layer of complexity to your lyrics.

Rhythmic Complexity

By varying the rhythm of your lyrics, you can create a more textured and dynamic musical landscape. This could involve changing from a simple to a complex rhythm or vice versa.

Breaking the Pattern

Using rhythmic variations can be a great way to break up a repetitive melody or lyric structure. This can add emphasis to specific lines or phrases, making them more memorable.

Creating Tension and Release

Both syncopation and rhythmic variations can be used to build tension in a song, with the resolution coming either through a return to the regular rhythm or a change in musical elements.

Align with Emotional Tone

Remember to align your rhythmic choices with the emotional tone of your song. A fast, syncopated rhythm might not work in a slow, melancholic song, while a simple, steady beat could undermine an intense, emotional climax.

Collaboration and Feedback

No man is an island, and the same goes for lyricists. Collaborating with other artists and seeking feedback can provide invaluable insights that you might not have considered on your own. Here’s how to make the most of these resources:


Collaborating with another lyricist or musician can be a transformative experience that enriches your songwriting process. The key is to find a partner whose skills complement your own; for instance, if you excel in crafting melodies but struggle with lyrics, a wordsmith would be an ideal collaborator. 

During the co-writing session, ensure that both contributors feel heard and valued. This is a give-and-take process that often involves constructive criticism and revisions. Openness to critique can lead to a more refined final product, so keep an open mind and be willing to adjust your ideas.

Peer Reviews

Peer reviews can offer invaluable insights into your songwriting, providing a fresh set of ears and eyes to catch elements you might have overlooked. This process is not just about getting validation; it’s about opening your work up for constructive critique that can help you refine your lyrics.

When selecting peers for a review, consider individuals who have a good understanding of music and lyrics, whether they’re fellow songwriters, musicians, or just avid music listeners. Their diverse perspectives can shed light on various aspects of your song, from the structure and melody to the emotional resonance of your lyrics.

Be prepared to receive both praise and criticism. The goal here is to improve your work, so focus on constructive feedback. Note common points that multiple reviewers raise, as these are likely areas that need attention. But also remember that songwriting is a deeply personal process. While it’s important to be open to feedback, you should also trust your own instincts and the original vision you had for the song.

Online Platforms and Communities

In today’s digital age, the internet offers a plethora of platforms where lyricists can share their work, seek feedback, and even collaborate. These online communities can be a treasure trove of inspiration, advice, and constructive critique.

Websites like Reddit, songwriting forums, and dedicated social media groups bring together people with a shared passion for music and lyrics. Here, you can post your work and get feedback from a global audience. Just be prepared for a wide range of opinions—while some may offer in-depth analysis, others might be less constructive. It’s essential to filter the feedback carefully and focus on the points that genuinely help improve your work.

Some platforms also offer collaborative features, allowing you to team up with other artists virtually. This can be a fantastic way to expand your creative horizons and even build a network within the industry. However, as with any online interaction, it’s important to exercise caution and ensure you’re engaging with genuine, like-minded individuals.

Overcoming Writer’s Block

Even the most seasoned songwriters occasionally hit a creative wall, where inspiration seems to dry up and the words just won’t come. While frustrating, writer’s block is a natural part of the creative process. The good news is that there are various strategies to break through this barrier and get your lyric-writing back on track.

The Pomodoro Technique

The Pomodoro Technique is a time-management strategy that involves breaking your work into focused intervals, typically 25 minutes, followed by short breaks. Named after the tomato-shaped kitchen timer used by its inventor, Francesco Cirillo, this method can help you overcome writer’s block in several ways:

  1. Focused Writing: By dedicating 25-minute intervals solely to writing, you eliminate distractions and force yourself to engage with the task at hand.
  2. Built-in Breaks: The short breaks in between the work intervals provide a mental respite, allowing you to recharge and approach the task anew with fresh eyes.
  3. Overcome Procrastination: Knowing you only have to focus for a short period can make the task of writing seem less daunting, encouraging you to get started.
  4. Boost Creativity: The cycle of work and rest can help stimulate creative thinking, allowing you to explore different lyrical ideas and directions during your breaks.

Writing Prompts

Writing prompts are short statements or questions designed to inspire you to write. They serve as a creative catalyst, providing a starting point to help you break through the barrier of writer’s block. Whether it’s a single word, a sentence, or a scenario, writing prompts can ignite your imagination and get your pen moving. Here’s why they can be incredibly useful:

  1. Quick Start: A writing prompt can help you begin writing immediately, cutting through the initial inertia that often accompanies writer’s block.
  2. Idea Generation: Prompts can introduce themes or topics you might not have considered, widening your creative scope.
  3. Structured Creativity: Having a specific topic to write about can give your creativity a direction, making the process less overwhelming.
  4. Skill Development: Working with different prompts can challenge you to write about various subjects, tones, and styles, thereby improving your versatility as a lyricist.

You can find writing prompts in songwriting books, online communities, or even create your own. The aim is to use them as a springboard to leap into your unique lyrical journey, breaking free from the chains of writer’s block.

Taking a Break and Revisiting

Sometimes, the best remedy for writer’s block is simply to step away. Taking a break allows your mind to reset and can lead to unexpected bursts of inspiration when you least expect it. The act of distancing yourself from your work can offer you a fresh perspective, making it easier to spot areas for improvement or new avenues to explore. Here’s how it works:

  1. Mental Reset: Continuous writing can lead to mental fatigue. A break gives your mind the rest it needs to function optimally again.
  2. Fresh Perspective: When you’re too close to a project, it’s easy to miss the forest for the trees. A break can provide the distance needed to see your work in a new light.
  3. Subconscious Work: Even when you’re not actively thinking about your lyrics, your subconscious mind is. A break can lead to ‘Eureka’ moments when you least expect them.
  4. Overcoming Stagnation: If you find yourself writing and rewriting the same lines without making progress, a break can help you escape this cycle and come back with new ideas.

Taking a break doesn’t mean abandoning your project; it means giving yourself the necessary space to come back stronger, with renewed energy and focus.

AI and Lyric Writing

The rise of Artificial Intelligence has revolutionised various industries, and the field of lyric writing is no exception. While purists may rightly argue that AI can never replace the human touch, it can serve as a powerful tool for lyricists. Far from taking over the creative process, Large Language Models (LLMs) like chatGPT and Google’s Bard offer a range of functionalities that can assist, inspire, and even streamline your lyric-writing efforts. In this section, we’ll explore the various ways AI can help you craft compelling lyrics.

Idea Generation

One of the most immediate ways AI can assist lyricists is through idea generation. By inputting a theme or keyword, AI tools can provide a list of related words, phrases, or even complete sentences to help spark your creativity. This can be especially useful when you’re facing writer’s block or simply need a new angle for your song.

Rhyme and Structure

Finding the perfect rhyme or maintaining a consistent structure can sometimes be a stumbling block. AI can suggest rhyming words and phrases that fit into your song’s theme. Some advanced tools can even analyse the structure of popular songs in a specific genre, offering insights into how you might want to structure your own work.

Rewriting and Refinement

AI isn’t just useful for starting a song—it can also help you polish an existing one. If you’re stuck on a particular line or verse, AI can offer alternative phrasings that might better fit your song’s overall tone or message.

Instant Feedback

AI platforms can offer real-time feedback on your lyrics, providing analysis on elements like coherence, emotional tone, and originality. This immediate critique can be invaluable for making quick revisions.

Collaboration with AI

Believe it or not, AI can also serve as a virtual co-writer. By generating entire verses or choruses based on your input, AI can offer a starting point that you can then modify and build upon. This collaborative approach allows you to blend human creativity with machine-generated content, creating a truly unique piece of art.

Key Takeaways

Navigating the world of lyric writing can be a thrilling yet challenging journey. From understanding the basics of rhyme and structure to diving into advanced techniques like word painting and subtext, there’s a wealth of knowledge and tools at your disposal. While writer’s block can often feel like an insurmountable obstacle, remember that there are strategies—from time-tested methods like writing prompts and the Pomodoro Technique to modern innovations like AI—that can help you overcome it.

In the end, the most crucial tool in your arsenal is your unique voice and perspective. Whether you’re a seasoned songwriter or a complete novice, continually honing your craft and staying open to new ideas will set you on the path to creating compelling, memorable lyrics. The world is full of stories waiting to be told and emotions waiting to be expressed—so grab your pen, ignite your creativity, and let your lyrics speak to the soul.