Are you sitting on a potential smash hit, but aren’t sure how to get it heard? You’re not alone – but you are in luck!
These days, you don’t have to be a marketing expert or a music industry mogul to get your music career off the ground – all you need is a quality product, some self-discipline and good old perseverance.
Here’s a complete guide of everything you need to know about promoting your music effectively, from getting yourself established online to maintaining a loyal fanbase:
Are you ready to promote your music?
Am I radio ready?
The first step in this business is to make sure your song is radio ready – which basically means your song has to sound as good as all the other songs on the radio.
If you can spare the cash for your song to be professionally mixed and mastered – great, go for it. If not, or if you prefer to take matters into your own hands, there are plenty of books and online advice to help you out.
Am I camera ready?
The best way to capture people’s attention as they scroll through pages and pages of content is an eye-catching visual. Again, if you can afford professional headshots, you’ve got this in the bag – but if not, there are plenty of ways you can present yourself that will be way more interesting for your potential fans to look at than a standard selfie – like making your band photo into an infographic for free using a program such as Canva.
Where do I post my music for free online?
Before you join the paid-for ‘big league’ streaming platforms of Spotify, Apple Music and Tidal, explore some of the options to promote music for free online.
You can create a free account and post your music online with each of these platforms:
Now you’ve posted your songs online, you can link to them whenever you post on social media. Let’s look at that next!
How do I use social media to build a fanbase for my music?
Put the ‘social’ in ‘social media’
Social media reigns supreme – everyone uses it, which makes it the best place to promote music. At the very least, you’ll need to create a profile – which you post regularly from – on the Big 3 Platforms:
It’s free to sign up to each of these platforms, and while you can pay to run ads, these don’t do the promo work for you – so first you need to get to grips with how to promote your tracks for free on social media. To start with, you need to understand the basics of how to get the most out of these different platforms.
How do I use Facebook, Twitter and Instagram for music promotion?
There are a few things each of these platforms have in common (don’t be shy with those emojis!), but in order to get the most engagement each time you promote your music in a social post, here are a few things to bear in mind:
Image carousel, video
Quick, real-time updates
Visual – images and videos
Image carousel, video(under 1min)
So once you’re ready to share your track with the world, draw up a strategy to use these differences to your advantage. Tweet updates in the run up to your release with a link to your SoundCloud or YouTube, create a short teaser trailer to share on Instagram, then post your full song and accompanying message on Facebook – making sure you include the handles to your other social media channels as you go!
Engage with your audience
Just as the best performers can whip a crowd into a frenzy from the stage, so too can the most popular social media posts spark conversations which last thousands of comments. If you can create an engaging post which attracts a lot of attention, those people are more likely to come back for more – and will hopefully give your tracks a listen whilst they’re there!
The best way for you to do this is to ask your audience’s opinion, whether you ask them a direct question (e.g. “what’s your favourite TV show theme song?”) or you ask them to vote on a poll (e.g. “which of these TV show theme songs would you like to hear me cover: Friends, the Big Bang Theory, the Fresh Prince of Bel-Air?”). In fact, mix it up and try both!
Share and share a like
To quote Hannibal Lector, ‘quid pro quo… Clarice’; to quote New Radicals, ‘you only get what you give’.
Social media users operate on a ‘like for like’ basis, so it’s important that you spend time liking, commenting on and sharing content from other artists. Don’t be fooled into thinking they owe you anything – it’s best to earn those shares!
Collaborate with other artists
Forge links, build bridges and network wherever you can – including collaborations with other artists. Not only will this give both of you a chance to connect and share your experiences in the music business; it will also expose both of you to each other’s audiences, making this a definite win-win arrangement.
Whether you decide to cover a duet or even write a new song together, a joint project will allow you to give each other a boost. You should get to know the artist you want to collaborate with first though – a collaboration born of friendship will be much more enjoyable for you to record and for your fan base to listen to than a one-off recording with a virtual stranger. Plus, it could be the start of a strong creative partnership that you return to in years to come.
Paid Ads on Facebook and Instagram
When you think of paid ads, your first thought may be to run for the hills, but it doesn’t have to cost the earth.
As a musician, you’re in an incredibly envious position from a paid advertising perspective. Why? Because you’re able to target a broad audience based on listening habits and favourite artists. This means your cost per click (cpc) can be low – really low!
How do paid ads on Facebook work?
Facebook have made it super-easy to ‘Boost’ your posts, but this isn’t necessarily the best or most cost-effective method of advertising. There are numerous strategies to take, but to get the most for your buck, you’ll need to think like a marketer.
There are a number of strategies to take by making full use of the Facebooks Ads manager. It can be a little daunting at first but stick with it if you can.
In short, you’ll be looking to create a ‘Custom Audience’ based on the demographic of your fans. You can then refine your audience by utilising Facebook’s ‘Lookalike Audience’ tool which takes the data of your existing fans and finds thousands of other users to target with very similar interests.
If you have the budget and the time to learn the basics, Facebook and Instagram marketing is a great place to boost your online presence and grow your following. You can find more ideas on the Facebook blog.
What are some other ways to promote my songs for free?
Find more fans online
In order to know where to promote your music, you need to know where your potential fans go to look for new music – so you can be there waiting to blow their minds!
On Facebook, you’ll be able to find several groups which will be perfect for you to join based on your location and your chosen musical genre – you’ll find anything from ‘Southampton Jazz Fans’ to ‘Derby Metalheads’, and for the most part these groups will open newcomers with open arms (just make sure you read and follow the rules when you join!).
On Twitter, follow musicians in a similar genre to your own – and whenever you see a tweet from them that’s attracting a large number of comments, chime in with your own (though avoid writing anything controversial, or you might accidentally drive new fans away!).
Similarly, take a deep dive into the comments sections of your favourite artists’ music videos on YouTube and join the debate there too. This can show you what people like and dislike about the video they’ve just watched – all useful tips for you when you’re developing your own content!
Cross-promotion with other types of artist
Don’t draw the line at other music artists either! Promote your music by liking, following and engaging with artists from all categories – cast your net as wide as you can, and you could find music fans who may never have found you.
You could, for example, promote and share the work of up-and-coming visual artists, graphic designers or videographers, most of whom would leap at the opportunity to create artwork, band logos or music videos for musicians and singers who are likewise on the rise.
Cross-promotion with other businesses
It doesn’t stop there either – think creatively about other ways to expand your audience and promote your songs by liking and sharing content from local businesses and venues. Here are some examples to get you started:
Do you have a favourite independent coffee shop?
Are you a regular at a particular bar?
Do you frequent a local clothing store?
All places like these are likely to have music playing to entertain their customers – plus they’re all bound to appreciate and relate to the DIY approach you’re taking to your musical career and will want to support you, just as you’ve supported them.
Get yourself some free music promotion by getting in touch with as many of these local businesses as you can and asking if your song can be added to their playlist – and, in exchange, ask your fans to go there for a latte or a t-shirt so they can hear your song playing there in person!
Make your own music website
The internet is where it’s at – ask anybody! It’s easier than ever to create your own music website, which will serve as your permanent home on the internet.
Why do I need a music website when I already use social media?
Having your own music website shows that you’re serious about promoting yourself online – you’ve made the effort to take that extra step towards being a serious musician. This will appeal to your fans and will also impress anyone from the music business looking for a new act!
While Facebook seems to be the go-to platform for music artists to create a quick free profile for their music, it wasn’t so long ago that MySpace held this title! Just goes to show that, while social media platforms come and go, your website will be here to stay.
Also, social media platforms use algorithms to show their users what they think the users will want to see the most, which may stop your own content reaching the top of your potential fans’ feeds. With a website of your own, it’s all about you and your music!
Where can I create a music website?
Well, the good news is, you don’t have to be an IT wizard to build yourself a music website (most of them offer templates using elements which you can ‘drag and drop’ to wherever you want them to go) – and the better news, especially if you’re on a budget, is that your options range from inexpensive to free.
There are plenty of website builders out there which are perfect for musicians who are new to web design. Here are a few of our favourites:
Bandzoogle – this is favoured among musicians as it’s already geared towards creating a site to host your music, advertise you merch and list your tour dates
Wix – this long-established and popular all-round builder is generally considered the easiest to customise, plus it offers a free version
Squarespace – this unfortunately doesn’t offer a free version, but is often said to have the most impressive features
Promote your music online by gradually building a mailing list, or email list. A mailing list is both an effective way for you to alert your fans of any new releases or gigs you have on the horizon and an insight into how many serious fans you’ve managed to amass.
Plug your mailing list at every opportunity:
Make sure you have a clear ‘subscribe’ button on your website’s homepage
Mention your mailing list in the bios of your social media accounts
Include a link to your website in the description of your music videos on YouTube
Email addresses are an incredibly valuable asset – just imagine your fans scrolling through an inbox full of delivery confirmations, only to find a message about a new music video, or newly announced tour dates, from their favourite new music artist (you!).
You can easily manage your mailing list by using an online tool such as Mailchimp, which has a free version to get you started.
Write a blog for your website (Content Marketing)
One of the best ways to promote your songs online is to write a blog using Search Engine Optimisation (SEO), then publish it on your band website. Write a blog post about your songwriting process, your experiences performing and recording, or just share your musical opinions – your fans will enjoy hearing what their new favourite musician has to say!
Make your music blogs SEO-friendly by filling them with relevant keywords your fans would search for – e.g. if you’re a country singer, be sure to include such terms as ‘country music’, ‘country and western’ – and this will help your website rank higher in search results.
How do I continue to promote my music online?
Repeat previous posts
Don’t just focus on new music promotion – give your old tracks a new lease of life!
Say you promote a song on social media over the Christmas period. A month or so later, see how many likes and shares your song managed to get, then share it again thanking all you fans for engaging with it.
Just like that, you’ll get some extra views and listens, more shares from your followers, and with any luck a few new fans!
Don’t be disheartened
After all the steps you’ve taken and all the hard work and effort you’ve put into creating your music and trying to make a splash in the vast ocean of the internet, it’s easy to run out of steam, especially if your first few posts only garner a couple of likes each.
Imagine you’re running a marathon, and have hit the infamous ‘wall’ – if you’ve come this far, there’s no point giving up now! Just stay positive and don’t stop trying new ways to connect with new fans – once you break through that obstacle, you’ll be back on track in no time.
Keep up the good work
Once you’ve managed to build up a fanbase who keep coming back for more, you’ve got to resist the urge to put your feet up – the work’s not over yet! By all means, give yourself a much-deserved pat on the back, but this party’s only just getting started.
Now you know how to win yourself new fans and get them to hear your quality content – the only thing left to do is keep doing it! Keep following these steps – keep writing, rehearsing and recording your music, keep thinking of ways to increase your fan base, but also keep engaging with your existing fans so they in turn will keep coming back.
The following sites are all singer orientated. Some contain lessons and articles, many of which can be found listed in relevent sections of the Vocalist.org.uk site. Also browse the Organisations and Associations and Magazine sections. This list is constantly updated and many of the sites below are listed in our Articles sections.
Vocalist.org International mailing list, discussion group and free resource for singers and singing teachers. The site in its new incarnation is currently in the process of transferring the old vocalist-temp archives which are packed with tips and advice to and by singers, vocal educators, professors and doctors.
L’Atelier du Chanteur Packed with singing exercises and vocal pedagogy articles, this is an excellent site, albeit mainly in French. The exercises have animated diagrams so if you don’t understand the lingo, the animated demonstration gives the general idea. Most of the articles are in English.
Rock Vocalist Russian site for singers which includes teaching materials, articles, interviews, pictures, vocal theory and other useful information for Russian speaking singers. The site is pretty comprehensive and worth a look – if you cannot read russian Click Here for translation to English.
Singing Voice Excellent resource contains a wealth of information for singers and teachers including anatomy, castrati, health, history, musicals, nats chats, opera, pedagogy, terminology and links.
The Jazz Site Tons of jazz and singing related information and a messageboard/forum for jazz singers & musicians.
Vocalist Collective New Zealand professional vocalists collective magazine provides articles for singers, forum and NZ singing teachers listings.
Vocalisten.nl Site for professional and semi-professional singers in the Netherlands. Most of the site is written in dutch and contains links to hundreds of singers. We don’t speak the lingo so couldn’t understand the text parts but theres a lot on this site and many of the links are in english.
Voice Council New website created by TC Helicon to support singers and users of their revolutionary voice forum for readers that involves some of the world’s top vocal instructors, plus, you’ll also find articles, video tutorials, performance clips, artist user statements, presets for your VOICELIVE, products and services related to voice technique and technology processor, VOICELIVE
Gregorian Chant Home Page provides links to other chant research sites, medieval music theory sites, resources for chant performance and other helpful sites from Princetown University.
Harmonize Provides webspace for barbershop singers with over 300 groups now available from this site.
Primarily A Cappella a site for lovers of unaccompanied singing, includes radio station, who’s who, song search, title list, reviews for thousands of recordings in a range of styles, songbooks, egroup listings, arrangers and their own A Cappella Recording Company plus a whole lot more!
Sweet Adelines International An organisation for women who sing four-part acappella music in the barbershop style. Includes discussion groups, forum, singing tips, competitions and information on the group.
Backstage Online US Complete performing arts resource providing casting resources, audition notices, talent and crew job listings, features, news, columns, showguide and related information for Broadway, Chicago & Florida.
Cabaret US On-line Cabaret Resource for regularly updated cabaret events around the world, and other cabaret and music resources. Site contains a list of artists, venues and events in the USA.
Cabaret Hotline Online Online cabaret newsletter which provides news from around the world, articles including ‘Getting started in Cabaret, Choosing a Musical Director, When your in the Audience, When to hire a Publicist, Building your own Press Kit, Building a following, building an audience, The art of the Small Gesture, Common mistakes to Avoid and Making that Cabaret CD’ plus a host of links to cabaret related websites.
Cabaret Scenes Magazine Promotes performers and cabarets with news and reviews.
Cabaret Showcase UK The Cabaret Singers Website is an online resource for cabaret singers which provides links to cabaret singers, track reviews, articles and mailing list. The purpose of the site is to promote a wider appreciation of the work of singers currently working in the ‘cabaret’ genre of singing, this means singers who perform in small /intimate venues where the main purpose of the show is communication with the audience.
Chicago Cabaret Professionals An alliance of performers and advocates of the art form of cabaret based in Chicago, USA who exist to promote the art of cabaret by educating presenters, the media and the public at large; to encourage the development of venues and audiences; and to establish professional standards for performance conditions.
City Cabaret Online magazine for music lovers contains features, cabaret library, upcoming and favourite artists and cabaret links.
Culture Vulture Provides listings of theatre shows, touring shows and cabaret in the USA, UK and Eire.
Mabel Mercer Foundation Non-profit arts organization preserving and promoting cabaret artists. Information on performers plus sponsoring performances and broadcasts are just two of the ways that they support cabaret artists. Also host an annual Cabaret Convention in New York.
Musical Theatre Theatrical information and links to a wide variety of related sites, theatres and resources for amateur and professional singers, actor/actresses and musicians available at Electric Blues Club. Also check out the classical and jazz sections.
Talkin’ Broadway Cabaret Pages Provides featured interviews with emerging and established cabaret artists.
Aiding singers in need or provide services to people with disabilities.
Johnny Mercer Foundation USA Their mission is to preserve and celebrate the Great American Songbook in the tradition of Johnny Mercer through introducing school kids to the songbook, honoring contemporary songwriters, teaching the bline to read music and other projects.
Music Maker Relief Foundation, Inc is a USA nonprofit organization dedicated to helping the true pioneers and forgotton heroes of Southern musical traditions gain recognition and meet their day to day needs. Keeping the bluest of the blues alive.
Society of Singers USA The Society of Singers is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization that was established in 1984 to aid professional singers who face financial, medical, family or other crises
Cambiata Vocal Music Institute of America Site with articles on two basic approaches on teaching boys whose voices are changing which includes information on different ways boys voices change and tips on choosing music for adolescents aimed at the choral community and voice teachers.
ChoralNet The internet center for Choral Music, aims to be a centeralised resource and portal where choral musicians can go to find information. With 3000+ links to other choral music and related fields worldwide. It is an officially sanctioned activity of the International Federation for Choral Music. The site provides repertoire lists and ideas, composer listings, rehearsal tips from worldwide contributors, choralnet job board, choral warmups and other articles and resources. Available in English, Deutsch, Espanol and Francais.
Gerontius.net This extensive choral resource provides searchable directories of uk choirs, choral concerts and other choral music resources including a choral sheet music hire/borrow service.
MUSICA International database of choral repertoire plus a pedagogic tool for conductors, musicologists, music schools, federations and anyone wanting to know about choral music repertoire.
A Singer’s Guide to the Well-Trained and Powerful Voice by Cheryl Hodge gives an insight into the book with do’s and dont’s, vocal health and other issues for singers.
All About Singers Site provided by US professional singer/songwriter, singing consultant, columnist & inspirational speaker Barbara Lewis. Contains hot tips archive with articles on singing and the music business plus details of her seminars, workshops and vocal consultancy services for singers in Montreal, Canada.
Anthony Winter’s Voice Studio is based in Sydney, Australia and has several online lessons which include exercises including Breath Support, Opening the Throat, Articulation of clear vowels, Phrasing, Training the Ear, Comparison of music styles, Broadway Belt, Jazz Training, Microphone Technique, Developing Ring in the voice, Building a career and other articles.
BriVocals School of Voice Production has a few basic introductions on ventilation, the diaphragm and singing for beginners
Brian Gilbertson Australian teacher provides a weekly singing tip on all aspects of singing with printable archived tips available online.
Cantabile Subito A site for collectors of great singers of the past! Growing selection of information on a wide range of historical singers and singing teachers including mp3 examples.
Cari Cole Voice Studio provides a monthly article on singing technique.
Christian Musician has a range of tutorials and lessons plus articles in the Vocal Coach’s Corner covering various aspects of singing and performance i.e. Accompaniment or Backing Tracks, forgetting words, staying healthy, updating your vocal style, considering a vocal coach, the larynx and other articles.
Classical Vocal Technique from Standing Stones covers classical singing and vibrato related topics in music and singing including 19th century voice teacher Mrs Alverson discusses vibrato.
Good Rich Vocal Speech Level Singing Studio in USA has text lessons with correct and incorrect audio examples (needs RealPlayer) plus Q & A from Seth Riggs and info on workshops & masterclasses.
How To Sing: A logical guide Attempts to outline a logical sequence of exercises you can try in order to ‘train’ your voice and prepare a song for performance.
International Breath Institute Transform Breathing, evaluate your breathing and find more breathing exercises. (site currently being redesigned so exercises unavailable).
Guide of Musical Composition Composers resource.
Harmony How To tips and advice on staying in tune aimed at barbershop singers and directors from The Harmonizer Magazine the official publication of the Barbershop Harmony Society (US). Regular singing articles posted online.
Health & Fitness Center – Sportsbreather Breathing trainer for asthmatics, athletes, or anyone needing to increase lung endurance. The Sports Breather is a device for breathing training and to help increase breathing and lung endurance.
How to Throat Sing this site provides instructions on elementary throat singing (the eastern art of singing). Includes shape of the mouth, location of the tip of the tongue, the mouth as a resonator, a small vent hole, the volume of the resonator, vocalization plus hints and tips in english with a japanese version also available.
James Lugo’s Vocal Asylum L.A. singer and vocal coach James Lugo’s site contains a page of vocal questions and answers for rock singers plus pictures, music and touring information.
Jazz Singers Network Provides information and resources for Jazz singers including singers calendar, messageboard, New York and Chicago music scene, jam sessions, clubs and concert halls, jazz insights, american poppular song, gig & tour schedules, singers sites and related links.
Jerome Barry’s – Voice Quality Enhancement site has a free ‘advice of the week’ section which provides a couple of short tips on singing updated weekly.
Just for Vocalists links for vocal resources at About.com
La Voix French site (no english) has some excellent diagrams of the larynx, respitory, hearing and resonation systems of the body.
LoVetri Post Thoughts on vocal pedagogy and meeting the needs of contemporary commercial music (CCM).
Manjiree’s Musical Lahari Includes overview and tips on yoga as it applies to singing and the voice.
Miasha’s Vocal Pedagogy includes information on the voice mechanism, relaxation, posture, breath, praticing tips, tips on singing and vocal health.
Music Connection USA online magazine has free singing lessons with audio examples
Music Education Online Comprehensive resource for Music Education & Educators.
Music Hall Music Education Resources for Teachers and Students.
MusiciansNews Singing Section (access to articles is by free signup only) lessons include Singing Chords, warming up exercises, singing legato technique, singing the C Major Scale, singing with chords, songwriting lessons
Natural Singing Natural Singing has produced an affordable DVD of six professional video singing lessons for the Beginner and Actor (1hour & 47 minutes of video tuition) with a fly-on-the-wall feeling when you watch the DVD by John Oxley
Seaway Sounds Sweet Adelines 5 FREE VOCAL LESSONS Learn to sing four-part harmony barbershop style! Seaway Sounds Chorus of Sweet Adelines International offers five free vocal lessons, presented in a fun and informative manner.
Sennheiser’s Vocal Workshop Provides online articles and advice for singers on how the voice works with accompanying audio mp3 examples
Sharp Shooters from VocalEase the practical magazine for choral teachers discusses pitch and vocal tension with tips on improvement. Site also contains music reviews, classroom tips and a variety of other singing related articles.
Singing Zone by Ken Burton has a series of Q & A on various aspects of singing.
The Singers Resource Site Contains an online version of the International Phonetic Alphabet, a description of the larynx with diagrams, vocal tips, example practice schedule and warm ups.
So You Want To Sing provides a listing of teachers and classes in the Bay Area (USA) plus links to accompaniment sites, tips on performance at open mic or karaoke nights, venue listings, singers exchange, forum and links to singing sites.
Taking Care of the Voice article from Jay Williams Choral Press.
Tamara Long Small selection of singing tips and exercises online from teacher/coach who hosts Broadway Sound of Belting seminars.
The Alchemy Programme Dr Meribeth Bunch Dayme director of The Alchemy Programme, is a well-known authority on singing and the human voice, a performance coach, masterclass leader, speaker and author. A former university professor of singing and anatomy, the site provides products and information for singers plus details of her workshops and other services.
The Singing Realm Contains articles on basic anatomy, breath management for singing, vocal fold formation, larynx height, keeping the vocal folds clean, singing with a cold, Vocal Q & A, the importance of proper vocal fold adduction, vocal dictionary, vowel modification and voice recognition.
The Singing Spot Home of the Singing is Easy foundation course for singers by Yvonne deBandi. Also check out her new site featuring free online articles, tips and lessons plus all her products for singers at http://singsmart.com
The Singing Voice is packed full of information for singers on the history of singing, terminology and tons of other interesting features. (Site link dead on last check – May 2007).
The Singing Voice Not the same as the site above but offers some articles on singing and the voice with diagrams.
The Singers Workshop Provides news, humour, products and info for pop singers. Run by vocal coach Lis Lewis, who provides online tutorials and Angel City Voice the online newsletter for the Pro Singer.
The Ultimate Voice Training For Singers – Vocal Tips Billy Purnell provides you with an ever-changing variety of vocal tips for today’s singers. Billy, a Seth Riggs associate, is one of California’s leading vocal technique teachers.
Tips on Popular Singing By Frank Sinatra and John Quinlan includes breathing, care of the throat, mouth positions and 16 vocalise exercises available at the Jazz Singers Network site.
The Voice House is the net home of vocal coach Roger D. Beale. There are a few articles available including choosing a vocal coach, 7 ways to sing better with less practice and cold weather is here, the show must go on. The lesson section is currently empty but additions are expected in the future.
The Voice Studio Jeannie Deva provides free online lessons on range, pitch and other singing related subjects.
Throat Singing interesting thread explaining the difference between various types of eastern throat singing techniques.
Tona de Brett has several articles on her site, including choosing a teacher, breathing exercies, health, interpretation, live performance, vocal points and singing in a recording studio.
Trinity College Links to singing sites and resources to improve singing and vocal technique from P.L. Duffy Resource Centre, Trinity College, Western Australia.
University of Texas click on “Texas Sings” for singing lessons and information from this online singers newsletter.
Using MIDI Live by Intermusic
Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary contains A-Z list of musical terms complete with AIFF files associated with them (Quick Time required). The musical examples are from the 4 CD Norton Musical Example Bank which requires the correct CD to be in your CD-Rom Drive or CDLink software. There are also several quizzes & simulations that require Shockwave to use.
Vocal Coach’s Corner The Quick and the Easy – article by Roger Beale talks about vocal tension and how to eliminate it.
Vocal Images Online magazine for singers includes articles on singing and technique based on the work of Dr. Alfred Tomatis plus US events, workshops etc., plus singers can submit their cds to be included in their catalogue.
Vocal Studio Objectives – To teach proper breathing and technique, without changing a singer’s style or sound. To teach habits to relieve vocal strain. – To teach microphone technique. – To teach exercises designed to increase vocal range
Vocal Wisdom has a selection of articles on singing and a Q & A section.
Voice Over Answers & Guidance from the Edge Voice Over Studio (USA)
Voice Performance site by Shirlee Emmons on performance and technique.
WannaLearn Provides information and links to interesting and educational resources available on the internet including music and singing related lessons, articles and products.
Ward Choir & Jay Williams Choral Press provides singing and conducting articles including intonation, pitching problems, vocal tension, breathing, posture and vowels. The site also includes conducting tips, warm up page, guide to copyright law and more singing related articles in the archive.
Yodeling an art form of the alps provides an explaination and brief history of the art with a crash course from yodeller Florian Keller
Youngs Medical contains pursed lip and diaphragm breathing exercises with explainations on how and why they work.
Elizabeth Harmetz Professional singer and voice teacher (soprano, concert, recital and opera singer) based in Orlando, Florida provides singing lesson info and links to vocal related resources on the internet plus bio, schedules, photos and sound clips.
Ernie Halter Self proclaimed superstar provides tips and advice in his 5 minute singing lesson section along with testimonials, autobiograpy, songlist, sound clips and booking information.
HubPages – Singing section This social networking site includes a section on singing with articles submitted by amateur members and others selling their services/products.
Paula James site provides links to tons of music business resources with everything from Florida Musicians to Legal Advice and Promotion.
PunjabiSingers is an directory of Lyricists, Models, Music Directors and Punjabi Singers catalogued alphbetically. Unsigned artists can get listed along with celebs! plus news, charts and reviews of Indian music.
SingYourLife Site for singers run by Chrys Page which advertises ‘A Voice for a Lifetime in 30 days’ provides a sample voice lesson (registration required) plus back issues of the newsletter, free articles in the Page Turning advice section and ebooks for sale.
Singers Forum A US non-profit organization based in New York, dedicated to the development and appreciation of the vocal arts for individuals of any age or level of experience and from all walks of life. Offers year round classes for the emerging artist and recreational singer in all styles of vocal performance.
Singer Solutions Sell a series of practice cd’s, business advice workshops with some advice online and lists their own recommended teachers, coaches, accompanists and health practitioners for singers.
GestaltSing Susan Gregory offers therapy and instructional services to help performing artists, including online articles on gestalt therapy and singing.
The Art of the Negro Spiritual A research project that is looking into the history of the Negro Spiritual as written for solo vocal performance, from the folk music of slaves to the art songs set for the concert stage. The aim is to produce a resource for the singer, vocal teacher and musicologist.
The Royans School Vocal Science Program A selection of articles and published works by Diana Yampolsky including are available at the site. The school based in Toronto, Canada aims to provide a holistic approach that specializes in accelerated vocal development
The Voice Studio of Dr. Lee Strawn Singing teacher based in San Francisco, click on ‘news and views’ for some do’s and dont’s for singers plus a list of suggested singers to listen to from a wide range of genres and styles.
Vintage Vocal Group Harmony Web Site provides information on the R&B vocal groups or the 30’s, 40’s & 50’s.
The Vocal Resource – Rutgers.edu Site includes an extensive A-Z singers glossary, New York Music School otolaryngologists and doctors listings, choral issues, reading list, links and questions answered by Christopher Arneson and Judigh Nicosia Professors at Rutgers University, New Jersey, USA.
Voice for Life is a comprehensive and specialist training scheme for singers of all ages and abilities avialable to purchase from The Royal School of Church Music, Cambridge UK. The website also contains links to companion anthologies packed with a wide-ranging collection of songs and canons, from African, Australian, British and Spiritual traditions, guaranteed to appeal to all ages.
Winnie Wilson Goree singing teacher in Atlanta, Georgia, USA provides a range of links to US singers resources.
Whittaker Live Links and tips to useful performing arts resources on the web from the Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama’s Whittaker Library.
Yahoo Answers Enables members to ask a question on a range of subjects and gain responses from other members. There are a variety of catagories including one on Singing Questions & Answers.
From Bebop to Bombay Article in English by Roseanna Vitro on incorporating classical Indian vocal techniques into modern vocal jazz with brief explanations on different regional styles and techniques.
Shivkumar Carnatic & Hindustani Music Archives All the files are in Audio format with a trained singer reciting the notes for the class which are also available in pdf/doc. Created by Mr Shivkumar Kalyanaraman the site has everything from the basics (sarali, dhatu, melsthayi etc) to the advanced (alankarams, varnams, krithis).
A Jazz Improvisation Primer free instructional text covering the basics of jazz improvisation & accompaniment by Marc Sabatella. The ‘basics’ are pretty darned extensive and definately worth taking time to read, many schools use this primer – and it’s FREE!
Bernd van de Weteringh’s Vocal Jazz Page Provides an introduction to the Concepts of Vocal Jazz, How to write Vocal Jazz, links, information and sound files of vocal jazz groups.
James Aebersold Jazz Free Jazz Handbook available for download in .pdf format (requires Adobe Acrobat Reader), great for jazz fans and students of all levels.
Jazz Improvisation 3 articles from the University of Wisconsin Madison on Aspects of jazz rhythm and accent, jazz melody and jazz harmony plus links to jazz resources.
Jazz Singers Network provides information for singers plus Frank Sinatra exercises, messageboard and links to music and singing resources.
Jazz Singing advice for the aspiring jazz singer at Vocal Splendor
rec.music.makers.jazz Webpage for the newsgroup created for jazz musicians to discuss theory, practice, the music business etc.
The Improvisor The international journal on free improvisation. Provides musicians and composers a place to share music, ideas, articles, reviews, scores and links to interesting sites.
The Vocal Jazz Resource for jazz vocalists, educators and those interested in jazz site includes links to colleges and universities, local/regional jazz scene, jazz discography, song index, messageboards and resources for singers and educators.
Women In Jazz Creates an annual series of concerts and professional workshops to aid in the professional development for female jazz vocalists. Based in Austin, Texas, USA.
Atsimevu Tonalities and performance techniques drum lesson online at Motherland Music.
Jazz Vocal Techniques An instrumental approach to vocal Inprovisation is a method book for beginners to advanced improvisors written by pianist, vocalist and educator Anne Farnsworth whose site includes a selection of articles and reviews in the archive section.
All About Jazz This link leads to an article about Yma Sumac the Peruvian Songbird who died in November 2008. The site includes Jazz reviews, news, articles, shows and upcoming releases.
Austrian American Mozart Acadamy USA provides 6 week courses for opera singers which includes voice coaching, role preparation, career building, German for Singers and a recital.
AfroCentric Voices Focuses on African American performers and composers and on the vocal music forms they influenced, especially opera, art songs and Negro spirituals composed for concert performance. Site contains bibliography, biographies, chronology, collections, forum, music links and VocalMus-L email music discussion list.
Baroque Cantata Dedicated to the cantata repertoire, users can add composer biographies, join in discussions and debates or purchase the sheet music of the editions submitted by members.
Baroque Aria (UK) offer arias from Baroque operas, serenatas, dramme per musiche and cantatas which were much feted in their day and still stand today as excellent examples of the genre. You can preview, audition and purchase music.
Baroque Opera UK Dedicated to the period from around 1600 to the death of Handel in 1759 the site includes composer biographies and articles on Baroque Opera.
Baroque Composers A collaborative project featuring the work of a number of researchers and performers, who aim to provide information on composers to enable users to find out where and when a work was written and how, when and by whom it was performed.
Baroque Serenata Dedicated to the dramatic cantata the site authors are currently editing, performing and recording works within the genre and invite performers, musicologists and interested amateurs to make comments, suggestions, contribute music / articles or advertise performances around the globe.
BravuraVox Discussion forum and online community for classical and opera singers
Black History & Classical Music This site provides little known information about African composers and musicians who have contributed to classical music since the time of Mozart.
Cantarelopera Site in English and Italian, is dedicated to Italian Opera and offers an original, interactive service: The opera singer can listen and learn the text of Italian Opera arias using a guided step by step program. Many of the most important arias (for every kind of voice) are provided in zip format, ready to be downloaded. Some are free and users can request any vocal piece of Opera or Chamber Music.
Coloratura eGroup Singers mailing list discussion group.
Dutch Diva’s Site provides pictures, biographies, sound files, reviews and discussion on Dutch opera / concert singers and conductors plus a few notable international performers. Of special interest is ‘The High C’ page containing information and sound clips, a full list of recognised voice types (with known artist examples) plus a good diagram of main ranges on the piano with typical note frequency stated below. Available in Dutch and English.
HallOpera Opera portal including news, information and links to opera related sites.
Inside Out A variety of information and interactive activities on opera, English National opera and La boheme. Including interviews, rehearsal footage, interactive singing lessons, and facility for show reviews.
La Scena Musicale Classical music portal and Canadian magazine in French and English. Online version contains news, feature articles, webcast listings, canadian classical music calendar, singing, songwriting and composition contests plus cd reviews.
On Beginning Study to become an Opera Singer Articles available at CMI Arts by American singer and teacher Alice Baker, whose own site contains an Opera Singers FAQ, articles and interviews with Alice.
Operastars Opera Singers on the Net is a site for opera singers and fans with features on broadcasts, apprenticeships, auditions, opera singers websites, forums, competitions and other information including site design services. Site available in English and German.
Opera Voices Follows singers and their careers, produced by Bob Rideout
Operamom Definitive source of information for singing professionals with children.
Opera Practice Perfect Opera piano accompaniments on CD and DVD including Aria’s, Opera Role and Choral Prep for singers. These can be purchased as full items or by character and are faithful to the written score.
Opera World Information on singers workshops, opera talk, future production listings, opera conferences, feature articles, broadcast news and opera distance learning courses.
Pietro Metastasio UK Site aims to provide access to the work of Italy’s greatest 18th century poet and librettist whose works inspired composers from Caldara to Mozart. There is some information but at the moment its limited to Libretti, Cantatas and Sonnets.
Pocket Coach Publications provides a wide range of lessons for Classic & Opera singers. These coaching sessions are available on cd and contain fluent recitation of foreign text by native professionals, phrase by phrase repetition, text spoken in rhythm over the melody, word for word & linear translations plus melody and piano or orchestral accompaniement recorded on seperate channels. CD’s available include Italian Art Songs in medium high & medium low range, Messiah Orchestrations, Opera, Operetta, Czech, English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Song Collections, Childrens Music, Gilbert & Sullivan, Choral, Sacred & Religious Music and Orchestral Accompaniments.
Fusica Dedicated to throat singing (Mongolia, Tuva, Tibet) which includes sound sample demonstrations of 5 basic techniques, information and snippets from the book and cd plus links to related sites.
Method of Learning Overtone Singing by Tran Quang Hai & Bach Yen. Site includes information on phonation, musical terms about voice, discography, researches, activities and links to related resources. Available in English, French and Vietnamese versions of the site.
Overtone Chanting Jill Purce’s UK website provides information workshops in the UK, Europe and N. America on magical voice techniques, Mongolian and Tibetan Overtone Chanting, Mantra, Sonic Meditations and related subjects.
Vocal Music of Mongolia Article provides an explanation of various song forms and Mongolian Khoomii Singing links.
A small selection of Rock and Contemporary vocal repertoire books and sheet music collections for beginners to professional singers. Also browse the Rock Repertoire Page 2, Audition, Pop and other repertoire pages. Please Note: All external links open in a new window.
10 Ultimate Rock Hits This collection of chart-busting rock classics offers fantastic value for money, with 10 songs arranged for Piano, Voice and Guitar with chord boxes. Includes these songs: Bring Me To Life [Evanescence], Cigarettes And Alcohol [Oasis], Do You Want To? [Franz Ferdinand], How Soon Is Now? [Smiths, The], I Predict A Riot [Kaiser Chiefs], If You Tolerate This Your Children Will Be Next [Manic Street Preachers], Knockin’ On Heaven’s Door [Guns N’ Roses], Somebody Told Me [Killers, The], Waterloo Sunset [Kinks, The], Yellow [Coldplay]. Read more at Amazon UK
21st Century Rock Chord Songbook 3 Complete lyrics, chord symbols and guitar chord boxes for 42 modern rock hits. Specially arranged from the actual recordings in the original keys includes The Hives, Eminem, Foo Fighters, Queens of the Stone Age, Tenacious D, Coldplay, Pearl Jam, Feeder, Beck, Bush, Suede and more. Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
21st Century Rock Chord Songbook 4 to 6 Complete lyrics, chord symbols and guitar chord boxes for modern rock hits. Specially arranged from the actual hit recordings in the original keys. Songs from bands including the Foo Fighters, The Thrills, Placebo, Coldplay, Linkin Park, Muse and many others. Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
21st Century Rock: Play-Along Chord Songbook (Book/CD) Play-along with all the major rock artists of the 21st century. With two specially recorded soundalike CDs by a live band. This book includes chord symbols, guitar chord boxes with complete lyrics, and a playing guide. Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
30 Rock Classics: Made In The USA (PVG) 30 Rock classics from the best of the USA including; American Pie, Thriller and many more for Piano, Voice and Guitar. Read more at Amazon UK
60s Rock From Beatniks To Hippies A great two-part compilation of songs that inspired a generation in the beat boom of the Swinging Sixties and the colourful years of psychedelic rock music. Read more at Amazon UK
Best of Metallica Vocal melody, piano accompaniment, lyrics, chord names and guitar chord diagrams. For the first time ever, a collection of the astoundingly successful group’s best songs arranged for piano/vocal! Includes: One, Nothing Else Matters, Welcome Home (Sanitarium), Until It Sleeps and more. Read more at SheetMusicPlus
Best of Queen Vocal melody, piano accompaniment, lyrics, chord names and guitar chord diagrams. 12 of their best, including: Another One Bites the Dust, Bicycle Race, Body Language, Bohemian Rhapsody, Crazy Little Thing Called Love, Killer Queen, Tie Your Mother Down, We Are the Champions, We Will Rock You and more. Read more at SheetMusicPlus
Bobby Socks Rock ou will find a variety of uses for these popular hits from the ’50s and ’60s. Includes: The Loco-motion, Leader of the Pack, Stand by Me, Breakin’ Up is Hard to Do, Calendar Girl. Song Kit includes: 2 Director’s Scores and 40 Singers Editions. Song Kit at SheetMusicPlus Showtrax CD at SheetMusicPlus
Budgetbooks: Classic Rock A sensational collection of 70 top rock tunes at a price that can’t be beat! Includes Bohemian Rhapsody, Don’t Stand So Close to Me, Money and more. Read more at SheetMusicPlus
Budgetbooks: Pop/Rock You get a lot of bang for your bucks with this great collection of 75 top pop hits! Features: Adia, Angel, Back in the High Life Again, Barbara Ann, Crimson and Clover, Don’t Cry Out Loud, Dust in the Wind, Hero, I Hope You Dance, If You’re Gone, Jack and Diane, Lady Marmalade, Mony, Mony, Respect, Stand by Me, Tequila, Vision of Love, We Got the Beat, What’s Going On, You Sang to Me, and more! Read more at SheetMusicPlus
Definitive Rock & Roll Collection 1955 – 1966 A terrific collection of 95 vintage hits from 1955 through 1968 arranged for voice and piano with guitar chord boxes. Includes At the Hop, Barbara Ann, Bobby’s Girl, Catch a Wave, Chantilly Lace, Dream Lover, Duke of Earl, Earth Angel, Great Balls of Fire, Louie Louie, Peggy Sue, Rock Around the Clock, Ruby Baby, Runaway, Sitting in the Back Seat, Shout, Stay, Surfin’ U.S.A., Venus, Wild Thing, Woolly Bully and more. Read more at Amazon UK
Elton John: Anthology A collection of greatest hits from the legendary crooner, Elton John. Arranged for piano and guitar with vocals, many unforgettable songs including; ‘Crocodile Rock,’ ‘Daniel’ and ‘Pinball Wizard.’ Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Eric Clapton: Unplugged Rock Score Matching folio to his best-selling acoustic album. 14 songs, including: Tears in Heaven, Nobody Knows You When You’re Down and Out, Layla, Alberta, Old Love and more. Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Elvis Costello: The Very Best Of Piano and voice arrangements, complete with lyrics and guitar chord boxes, for each track from this superb album, containing 42 of the very best songs from Costello’s illustrious career. This comprehensive collection is a matching folio to his double album of greatest hits. Features 40 of his finest, including: Accidents Will Happen, Alison, (The Angels Wanna Wear My) Red Shoes, Everyday I Write the Book, (I Don’t Want to Go To) Chelsea, Oliver’s Army, (What’s So Funny ‘Bout) Peace, Love and Understanding, Pump It Up, Radio Radio, Shipbuilding, Veronica, Watching the Detectives, and more. Read more at SheetMusicPlus
Elvis: Fakebook Melody line/lyric/chord arrangements of more than 100 of the King’s biggest hits, including: All Shook Up, Any Day Now, Big Hunk O’ Love, Blue Christmas, Blue Suede Shoes, Can’t Help Falling in Love, Crying in the Chapel, Don’t Be Cruel, For the Good Times, G.I Blues, Good Luck Charm, Heartbreak Hotel, Hound Dog, I’m So Lonesome I Could Cry, It’s Now or Never, Jailhouse Rock, Little Sister, Love Me, Love Me Tender, My Way, Suspicious Minds, That’s Alright, Unchained Melody, Viva Las Vegas, more. Read more at SheetMusicPlus
Gig Guide: Classic Rock Set Performance Guide for Bands (Book/CD) (Gig Guide). The Gig Guides series is designed to provide musicians with a blueprint for building bands. We select the songs, put ’em in order, and show you how to play ’em. The format is simple; there are no unwieldy note-for-note scores to sightread or complicated theory to understand. Just here’s the lead sheet, here are the parts you really need to know, and away you go! The CD even features full-band demos of each song so you can hear how you should sound. These book/CD packs are the ultimate do-it-yourself kit for gigging musicians and up-and-coming performers alike. Can be used by a full band or individual players. Classic Rock Set features 12 songs: Cat Scratch Fever, Crazy Little Thing Called Love, Lights, Mony, Mony, Oh, Pretty Woman, Rock and Roll All Nite, R.O.C.K. in the U.S.A., (She’s) Some Kind of Wonderful, Summer of ’69, Surrender, Takin’ Care of Business, Tush. Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Gig Guide: Early Rock Set Performance Guide for Bands (Book/CD) The Gig Guides series is designed to provide musicians with a blueprint for building bands. We select the songs, put ’em in order, and show you how to play ’em. The format is simple; there are no unwieldy note-for-note scores to sightread or complicated theory to understand. Just here’s the lead sheet, here are the parts you really need to know, and away you go! These book/CD packs are the ultimate do-it-yourself kit for gigging musicians and up-and-coming performers alike. Can be used by a full band or individual players. Early Rock Set features 12 songs with a CD of full-band demos of each song so you can hear what you should be sounding like. Songs include: Crying, Help Me Rhonda, Hound Dog, The Loco-Motion, Louie, Louie, Rock Around the Clock, That’ll Be the Day, and more. Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Gig Guide: Modern Rock Set Performance Guide for Bands (Book/CD) The Gig Guides series is designed to provide musicians with a blueprint for building bands. We select the songs, put ’em in order, and show you how to play ’em. The format is simple; there are no unwieldy note-for-note scores to sightread or complicated theory to understand. Just here’s the lead sheet, here are the parts you really need to know, and away you go! These book/CD packs are the ultimate do-it-yourself kit for gigging musicians and up-and-coming performers alike. Can be used by a full band or individual players. Modern Rock Set features 12 songs with a CD of full-band demos of each song so you can hear what you should be sounding like. Songs include: Fly Away, Drive, Smooth, Semi Charmed Life, All The Small Things, Hanging By A Moment, Slide, Drops of Jupiter, My Own Worst Enemy, if You Could Only See, Wherever You Will Go, The Middle. Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Got to Get You Into My Life (CD) This Beatles’ pop hit from 1976 (covered by Earth, Wind and Fire in 1978) really sizzles. Puts your pop/show group into the spotlight with super vocal writing, hot horn licks and an irresistible groove! Showtrax CD at SheetMusicPlus
Gotta Party! (Medley) (CD) This is one unstoppable guys’ medley that will bring down the house! Three all-time favorite party songs, Gloria (Shadows of Knight, 1966), You Really Got Me (Kinks, 1964), and The Heat is On (Glenn Frey, 1985), will be easy to learn and tough to top! Showtrax CD at SheetMusicPlus
Guitar Kit: AC/DC (Book/CD/DVD) This 3-part package contains everything you need to master five songs by the legends of rock AC/DC, featuring a sheet music booklet, a tutorial DVD and a CD of superb soundalike backing tracks. Learn to play the five songs note-by-note with the DVD tutorial – you’ll get as close as possible to help you master the correct fingerings, techniques and sounds. A 56-page booklet contains the printed music in notation and tablature to support the on-screen lessons. Once you’ve mastered the songs, the audio CD of backing tracks will give you the chance to experience the sound of the full band, with carefully produced professional accompaniments that sound just like the original recordings! From “Highway To Hell” to “You Shook Me All Night Long”, this complete package offers you the songs, the knowledge and the techniques you need to begin playing this special selection of AC/DC’s very best Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Guitar Kit: The Beatles (Book/CD/DVD) This 3-part package contains everything you need to master five songs by the Liverpool quartet, featuring a sheet music booklet, a tutorial DVD and a CD of superb soundalike backing tracks. Learn to play the five songs note-by-note with the DVD tutorial – you’ll get as close as possible to help you master the correct fingerings, techniques and sounds. A 56-page booklet contains the printed music in notation and tablature to support the on-screen lessons. Once you’ve mastered the songs, the audio CD of backing tracks will give you the chance to experience the sound of the full band, with carefully produced professional accompaniments that sound just like the original recordings! From Paperback Writer to Revolution, this complete package offers you the songs, the knowledge and the techniques you need to begin playing this special selection of The Beatles’ very best. Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Guitar Kit: Iron Maiden (Book/CD/DVD) This 3-part package contains everything you need to master five songs by the icons of British metal Iron Maiden, featuring a sheet music booklet, a tutorial DVD and a CD of superb soundalike backing tracks. Learn to play the five songs note-by-note with the DVD tutorial – you’ll get as close as possible to help you master the correct fingerings, techniques and sounds. A 56-page booklet contains the printed music in notation and tablature to support the on-screen lessons. Once you’ve mastered the songs, the audio CD of backing tracks will give you the chance to experience the sound of the full band, with carefully produced professional accompaniments that sound just like the original recordings! From Run To The Hills to Bring Your Daughter To The Slaughter, this complete package offers you the songs, the knowledge and the techniques you need to begin playing this special selection of Iron Maiden’s very best. Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Guitar Kit: Jeff Buckley This 3-part package contains everything you need to master five songs by the great icon of singer/songwriters Jeff Buckley, featuring a sheet music booklet, a tutorial DVD and a CD of superb soundalike backing tracks. Learn to play the five songs note-by-note with the DVD tutorial – you’ll get as close as possible to help you master the correct fingerings, techniques and sounds. A 56-page booklet contains the printed music in notation and tablature to support the on-screen lessons. Once you’ve mastered the songs, the audio CD of backing tracks will give you the chance to experience the sound of the full band, with carefully produced professional accompaniments that sound just like the original recordings! From Hallelujah to Grace , this complete package offers you the songs, the knowledge and the techniques you need to begin playing this special selection of Buckley’s very best. Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Guitar Kit: Oasis (Book/CD/DVD) This 3-part package contains everything you need to master five songs by the legends of rock Oasis, featuring a sheet music booklet, a tutorial DVD and a CD of superb soundalike backing tracks. Learn to play the five songs note-by-note with the DVD tutorial, you’ll get as close as possible to help you master the correct fingerings, techniques and sounds. A 56-page booklet contains the printed music in notation and tablature to support the on-screen lessons. Once you’ve mastered the songs, the audio CD of backing tracks will give you the chance to experience the sound of the full band, with carefully produced professional accompaniments that sound just like the original recordings! From Cigarettes And Alcohol to Lyla, this complete package offers you the songs, the knowledge and the techniques you need to begin playing this special selection of Oasis’s very best. Songlist: Cigarettes And Alcohol, Live Forever, Lyla, Morning Glory, Some Might Say Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Here Today (CD) This song, written by Paul McCartney after the death of fellow Beatle, John Lennon, has not been widely known until McCartney’s 2002 tour. A deeply poignant musical tribute, this lovely acoustic ballad will touch your heart. Showtrax CD at SheetMusicPlus
Hit Pop/Rock Ballads (Book/CD) Each volume in this series comes with a CD of complete professional performances, and includes matching custom arrangements in Easy Piano format.The melody line -though present- is buried, providing a subtle prompt that is easily played or sung over.With these books you can: Listen to complete professional performances of each of the songs; Play the Easy Piano arrangements along with the performances; Sing along with the full performances; Play the Easy Piano arrangements as solos, without the disk. This pack features 10 songs: Don’t Let the Sun Go Down on Me, From a Distance, I Can’t Make You Love Me, I’ll Be There, Imagine, In My Room, My Heart Will Go On, Rainy Days and Mondays, Total Eclipse of the Heart, A Whiter Shade of Pale. Read more at SheetMusicPlus
Indie Rock Sheet Music Collection 25 classics from the indie rock genre arranged for piano, voice and guitar. Includes: Barely Legal (The Strokes), Buddy Holly (Weezer), Do I Wanna Know? (Arctic Monkeys), Gold on the Ceiling (The Black Keys), Loser (Beck), Money Grabber (Fitz and the Tantrums), Radioactive (Imagine Dragons), Sex on Fire (Kings of Leon), Somebody Told Me (The Killers), You Don’t Know Me (Ben Folds) and more. Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
It’s Easy To Play Rock ‘n’ Roll Great rock and roll classics including ‘Jailhouse Rock’, ‘Long Tall Sally’ and ‘Blue Suede Shoes’ plus 13 more songs arranged simply for piano and voice with chord symbols. Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Jam With AC/DC (Book/CD) Learn 8 of AC/DCs songs note for note and then jam with a professional session band. Includes the hits Let There Be Rock, Back In Black and Highway To Hell all with full lyrics and vocal lines. Read more at SheetMusicPlus
Jam With Eagles (Book/CD) These guitar workshops are powerful learning tools that will help extend your stockpile of licks and fills and help develop your improvisational skills. Features play-along songs in standard notation and tab, and on the CD with and without guitar parts. Titles are: Hotel California, Life in the Fast Lane, One of These Nights, Tequila Sunrise, New Kid in Town, Lyin’ Eyes, Take It Easy, Best of My Love. Read more at SheetMusicPlus
Jam With Gary Moore (Book/CD) These guitar workshops are powerful learning tools that will help extend your stockpile of licks and fills and help develop your improvisational skills. Features play-along songs in standard notation and tab, and on the CD with and without guitar parts. Titles are: Cold Day in Hell, Empty Rooms, The Loner, Oh Pretty Woman, Parisienne Walkways, Still Got the Blues, Story of the Blues, Walking by Myself. Read more at SheetMusicPlus
Just Classic Rock Real Book A huge bumper anthology of 220 classic rock songs from across the years, all to be played by any C instrument arranged with melody, chords and lyrics. Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Led Zeppelin: I-V Boxed Set Platinum Album Edition In 1968, Jimmy Page left the pivotal blues-rock group The Yardbirds and formed a new touring band. Borrowing its name from an ironic dig from the Who’s Keith Moon at the band’s likelihood for success, Led Zeppelin was born. This exclusive set includes every song from Led Zeppelin’s groundbreaking first five albums. Each of the arrangements offers exact guitar TAB transcriptions that include every bend, slide and solo. With guitar tablature, standard notation, vocal melody, lyrics, chord names and guitar chord diagrams. This new Platinum Album Edition boxed set contains TAB songbooks for the bands first five studio albums (Led Zeppelin, Led Zeppelin II, Led Zeppelin III, Led Zeppelin IV, and Houses of the Holy). Drawn from more than 30 years of documentation, interviews, and recorded footage, the all-new transcriptions featured in each book deliver unprecedented accuracy and insight into the guitar style of Jimmy Page. With vintage Zeppelin photographs and a historical foreword by Guitar World magazines editor-in-chief, Brad Tolinski, each book is a true collectible every fan must own. Led Zeppelin I: Good Times Bad Times, Babe I’m Gonna Leave You, You Shook Me, Dazed and Confused, Your Time Is Gonna Come, Black Mountain Side, Communication Breakdown, I Can’t Quit You Baby, How Many More Times. Led Zeppelin II: Whole Lotta Love, What Is and What Should Never Be, The Lemon Song, Thank You, Heartbreaker, Living Loving Maid (She’s Just a Woman), Ramble On, Moby Dick, Bring It on Home. Led Zeppelin III: Immigrant Song, Friends, Celebration Day, Since I’ve Been Loving You, Out on the Tiles, Gallows Pole, Tangerine, That’s The Way, Bron-Y-Aur Stomp, Hats Off to (Roy) Harper. Led Zeppelin IV: Black Dog, Rock and Roll, The Battle of Evermore, Stairway to Heaven, Misty Mountain Hop, Four Sticks, When Going to California, When the Levee Breaks. Led Zeppelin V (Houses of the Holy): The Song Remains the Same, The Rain Song, Over the Hills and Far Away, The Crunge, Dancing Days, D’Yer Mak’er, No Quarter, The Ocean. Read more at SheetMusicPlus
Meat Loaf: Bat Out Of Hell The unparalleled teen rock opera which catapulted singer Meat Loaf and composer Jim Steinman to Rock’n’Roll stardom. Matching folio to the classic album. 7 songs including the title track. Read more at SheetMusicPlus
New Jewish Tunes: Ruach 5761 & 5763 Songbook: Book with 2 CDs Ruach is the Hebrew word for spirit. It is exactly that quality which the 27 songs in this book/CD possess. Representing the biggest names in contemporary Jewish folk/rock music (Steve Dropkin, e18hteen, Debbie Friedman, Mah Tovu, Noam Katz, Jeff Klepper and others), songs include: B’tzelem Elohim, Ashrey, Hillel’s Song, Sim Shalom, Halleli, Children of Freedom, and more. The recordings on the two CDs that accompany this songbook are performed by the original artists. Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Novello Youth Chorals: Rock And Roll (SSA) Five Rock and Roll arrangements for SSA Choir and Piano. Includes: In My Room, Mister Lee, One Fine Day, Sweets For My Sweet, The Shoop Shoop Song (It’s In His Kiss). Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Novello Youth Chorals: Rock And Roll (SATB) Five Rock and Roll numbers arranged for SATB Choir and Piano. Includes: In My Room, Mister Lee, One Fine Day, Sweets For My Sweet, The Shoop Shoop Song (It’s In His Kiss). Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
NRG – New Rock Generation This is a collection of songs by the hottest bands of recent years, all presented in accurate guitar tab with full lyrics. From the power-disco of Bloc Party and Arctic Monkeys, to the ramshakle pop perfection of Babyshables and Editors, this is a veritable ‘who’s who’ of guitar bands for the new rock generation. Songs include: “Albion” – Babyshambles, “Boulevard Of Broken Dreams” – Green Day, “Bullets” – Editors, “Circle. Square. Triangle”. – Test Icicles, “Club Foot” – Kasabian, “I Bet You Look Good On The Dancefloor” – Arctic Monkeys, “I Heard It Through The Grapevine” – Kaiser Chiefs, “I See You, You See Me” – The Magic Numbers, “Juicebox” – The Strokes, “Rebellion (Lies)” – The Arcade Fire, “Rock N Roll Queen” – The Subways Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Razorlight: Up All Night Thirteen songs of epic, romantic, decadent Brit-Rock from Razorlight’s debut album, Up All Night. Read more at Amazon UK
Real Rock Book 1 Rock classics in simplified band arrangements. This collection presents 200 classics from all genres of rock ‘n’ roll in the world-famous Real Book format: Against the Wind, Ain’t No Sunshine, All Shook Up, American Woman, Another One Bites the Dust, Bad Case of Loving You, Bad Moon Rising, Band on the Run, Beast of Burden, Born to Be Wild, California Dreamin’, Centerfold, Cocaine, Dancing in the Street, Don’t Do Me like That, Don’t Stand So Close to Me, Free Bird, Give Me One Reason, Got to Get You into My Life, Hang on Sloopy, Hard Habit to Break, Hey Jude, Highway to Hell, The House of the Rising Sun, I Love Rock ‘N Roll, I Will Survive, Imagine, La Bamba, Layla, Livin’ on a Prayer, The Logical Song, Maggie May, Minute by Minute, Money for Nothing, Mustang Sally, My Sharona, One Headlight, Oye Como Va, Pride and Joy, Rhiannon, Rikki Don’t Lose That Number, Roxanne, September, Sir Duke, (Sittin’ On) the Dock of the Bay, Slow Ride, Smoke on the Water, Sunshine of Your Love, Takin’ It to the Streets, Tears in Heaven, Tempted, Under the Boardwalk, Walk Don’t Run, We Are the Champions, What I like About You, With or Without You, Yesterday, Young Americans, and more. All the Real Books feature hundreds of time-tested songs in accurate arrangements in the famous easy-to-read, hand-written notation with comb-binding. Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Real Rock Book 2 200 more popular songs in real book format, with no duplication from the first volume. Songs include: All Right Now, All the Young Dudes, Angie, Beat It, The Boys Are Back in Town, Change the World, Dust in the Wind, Eleanor Rigby, Every Breath You Take, Fields of Gold, Free Fallin’, I Feel the Earth Move, I Heard It Through the Grapevine, I Shot the Sheriff, Jack and Diane, Jump, Let It Be, Louie, Louie, More Than Words, No Woman No Cry, Old Time Rock & Roll, One Way or Another, Proud Mary, Rock the Casbah, She Drives Me Crazy, Smells like Teen Spirit, Stand by Me, Superstition, Sweet Home Alabama, Tequila, That’ll Be the Day, Tonight’s the Night (Gonna Be Alright), Twist and Shout, We Will Rock You, We’re Not Gonna Take It, What a Fool Believes, White Rabbit, Who Can It Be Now?, Wonderful Tonight, Y.M.C.A., You Are So Beautiful, You Really Got Me, (Your Love Has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher and more. Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Robbie Williams: Sing When You’re Winning The long awaited third album from pop’s golden boy, winner of Best Song for Rock DJ at the MTV awards 2000 along with his co-writer Guy Chambers. Read more at Amazon UK
Robbie Williams: Angels Performed by Robbie Williams. For voice, piano and guitar chords. Format: piano/vocal/chords single. With vocal melody, piano accompaniment, lyrics, chord names and guitar chord diagrams. Dance pop and britpop. Published by Hal Leonard. Read more at SheetMusicPlus
Rock Band Camp: Vol 1 Classic Rock These books are designed for first-time performers or weekend warriors who are learning how to play in a band. This volume includes parts and playing tips for the entire band: guitar, bass, drums, keyboard and singer! Each book comes with two CDs that contain full-band tracks for each song as well as “minus-one” tracks for each instrument for each song so players can practice on their own between band rehearsals. The CDs also feature Amazing Slow Downer software so you can use them in your computer to adjust the tempo of each track without changing the pitch. Five songs, including: Bang a Gong (Get It On) (T. Rex), The Boys Are Back in Town (Thin Lizzy), China Grove (Doobie Brothers), Free Fallin’ (Tom Petty), Jet Airliner (Steve Miller Band). Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Rock Band Camp: Vol 2 Todays Hits These books are designed for first-time performers or weekend warriors who are learning how to play in a band. This volume includes parts and playing tips for the entire band: guitar, bass, drums, keyboard and singer! Each book comes with two CDs that contain full-band tracks for each song as well as “minus-one” tracks for each instrument for each song so players can practice on their own between band rehearsals. The CDs also feature Amazing Slow Downer software so you can use them in your computer to adjust the tempo of each track without changing the pitch. Five songs, including: Home, Locked Out of Heaven, Radioactive, Some Nights, Too Close. Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Rock Band Camp: Vol 3 Pop/Rock Hits These books are designed for first-time performers or weekend warriors who are learning how to play in a band. This volume includes parts and playing tips for the entire band: guitar, bass, drums, keyboard and singer! Each book comes with two CDs that contain full-band tracks for each song as well as “minus-one” tracks for each instrument for each song so players can practice on their own between band rehearsals. The CDs also feature Amazing Slow Downer software so you can use them in your computer to adjust the tempo of each track without changing the pitch. Five songs, including: Don’t Know Why, Give Me One Reason, My Favorite Mistake, Rolling in the Deep, White Horse. Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Rock Band Camp: Vol 4 Rock Hits These books are designed for first-time performers or weekend warriors who are learning how to play in a band. This volume includes parts and playing tips for the entire band: guitar, bass, drums, keyboard and singer! Each book comes with two CDs that contain full-band tracks for each song as well as “minus-one” tracks for each instrument for each song so players can practice on their own between band rehearsals. The CDs also feature Amazing Slow Downer software so you can use them in your computer to adjust the tempo of each track without changing the pitch. Five songs, including: Beautiful Day (U2), Billie Jean (Michael Jackson), Clocks (Coldplay), It’s My Life (Bon Jovi), Smooth (Santana). Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Rock Band Camp: Vol 5 Dance Floor Favourites These books are designed for first-time performers or weekend warriors who are learning how to play in a band. This volume includes parts and playing tips for the entire band: guitar, bass, drums, keyboard and singer! Each book comes with two CDs that contain full-band tracks for each song as well as “minus-one” tracks for each instrument for each song so players can practice on their own between band rehearsals. The CDs also feature Amazing Slow Downer software so you can use them in your computer to adjust the tempo of each track without changing the pitch. Five songs, including: Brick House (The Commodores), Hard to Handle (The Black Crowes), The House Is Rockin’ (Stevie Ray Vaughan), Mustang Sally (Wilson Pickett), Superstition (Stevie Wonder). Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Rock Band Camp: Vol 6 Party Hits (Book/2xCD) These books are designed for first-time performers or weekend warriors who are learning how to play in a band. This volume includes parts and playing tips for the entire band: guitar, bass, drums, keyboard and singer! Each book comes with two CDs that contain full-band tracks for each song as well as “minus-one” tracks for each instrument for each song so players can practice on their own between band rehearsals. The CDs also feature Amazing Slow Downer software so you can use them in your computer to adjust the tempo of each track without changing the pitch. Five songs, including: Brown Eyed Girl (Van Morrison), 867-5309/Jenny (Tommy Tutone), Jessie’s Girl (Rick Springfield), Old Time Rock & Roll (Bob Seger), Sweet Caroline (Neil Diamond). Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Rock Greats: Play-Along Chord Songbook A wonderful collection of favourite rock standards from the 1960’s to 2000 including tracks by the Beatles, Dire Straits, Elvis Presley and Black Sabbath. Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
Rock ‘n’ Roll Partyline (Medley) Showcase your SSA groups with this 6-minute medley of classic fun favorites! Easy to learn and highly entertaining! Includes: Let’s Hang On (1965 – The Four Seasons), Peppermint Twist (1962 – Joey Dee), Why Do Fools Fall In Love (1956 – Frankie Lymon). Showtrax CD at SheetMusicPlus SSA Sheetmusic at SheetMusicPlus
Santana: Santana’s Greatest Hits Performed by Santana. For guitar and voice. Format: guitar tablature songbook. With guitar tablature, standard notation, vocal melody, lyrics, chord names, guitar chord diagrams, guitar notation. Rock, pop rock and latin pop. Series: Hal Leonard Guitar Recorded Versions. 96 pages. 9×12 inches. Published by Hal Leonard. Read more at SheetMusicPlus
Savage Garden: Savage Garden Vocal melody, piano accompaniment, lyrics, chord names and guitar chord diagrams. 40 pages of pop rock published by Hal Leonard. Read more at SheetMusicPlus
The Best Early Rock’N’Roll Songs Ever Piano/Vocal/Chords Mixed Folio (Arrangements for piano and voice with guitar chords). Size 9×12 inches. 248 pages. Published by Hal Leonard. Read more at SheetMusicPlus
The Best Of Marc Bolan And T. Rex Mark Bolan and his band, T Rex, defined the sound of Glam Rock as one of the biggest pop acts of the seventies. Read more at SheetMusicPlus
The Essential Nu-Metal Playlist Finally, a book to chart the rise and rise of the second generation of MTV-metal, with songs by the heaviest bands around! Learn the singles that put bands including Linkin Park and System Of A Down , along with personalities like Slipknot and Marilyn Manson , firmly into the mainstream charts. All songs feature note-accurate Tablature transcriptions, vocal lines and full lyrics. Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
The Great Rock Chord Songbook 1 A collection of the greatest rock songs for guitar, all arranged in the original keys from the actual hit recordings, complete with lyrics, guitar chord boxes and a playing guide. This wonderful mix takes all the best rock songs from different eras and puts them at your disposal all in one book! The Great Rock Chord Songbook contains all the lyrics and chords to 100 of the finest rock songs, including: Ace Of Spades, All The Young Dudes, Sk8ter Boi, You Ain’t Seen Nothing Yet and loads more! Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
The Great Rock Chord Songbook 2 Lyrics and chords to ninety-five of the greatest rock songs for the guitar, from the 1960s to the present day including Livin On A Prayer, The Passenger, Big Bottom, Laylah, Rock The Casbah and loads more! Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
The Rock Songs Big Book Each songbook in the Big Book series provides musicians of all ability levels with a big listusually 40 or more titles per bookof the very best songs from a favorite musical genre. This Big Book title includes a total of 46 of the best rock songs of our time. Songs include After Midnight (Eric Clapton), Chasing Cars (Snow Patrol), Have a Nice Day (Bon Jovi), Hotel California (Eagles), Its Been Awhile (Staind), Losing My Religion (R.E.M.), Owner of a Lonely Heart (Yes), Soak Up the Sun (Sheryl Crow), Talk (Coldplay), Wish You Were Here (Pink Floyd) and many more. Read more at Amazon UK
The Rolling Stones: Rock Score Nine famous Rolling Stones songs scored for small groups. Complete with Lyrics. Songs included: Brown Sugar, Get Off My Cloud, Honky Tonk Woman, (I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction, Jumpin Jack Flash, Paint it Black, She’s So Cold, Start Me Up, Time is on My Side Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
The Ultimate Pop/Rock Fake Book – In C For voice and C instrument. Format: Fakebook. Pop rock, rock and pop. The revised edition of this fabulous fake book features nearly 600 songs from the mid 50s to today’s hottest hits! Includes melody lines, lyrics and chords. Read more at SheetMusicPlus
The Very Best Rock Songs Of All Time 16 of the best ever rock songs arranged for piano, voice and guitar, with full lyrics and chord boxes. Read more at Amazon UK
Ultimate Classic Rock Showstoppers Over 300 pages of classic Rock with tracks from Eric Clapton, Santana, Cream, Pink Floyd, The Eagles, Steely Dan plus many more. Ultimate Classic Rock Showstoppers features 88 unforgettable tunes from the American heartland. Titles include: Against the Wind, American Woman, Born to Run, Cat’s in the Cradle, Don’t Let the Sun Go Down on Me, Evil Ways, Go Your Own Way, House at Pooh Corner, Layla, Lyin Eyes, Nights in White Satin, What a Fool Believes and many more. Read more at Amazon UK Read more at Amazon USA
The Songwriters Guild of America Nashville Office recently hosted a tax and accounting seminar with Certified Public Accountant Cathy McCormack of Nashville, TN. Cathy McCormack is co-author of the book, “Financial Management for Musicians,” (Hal Leonard) by Pam Gaines and Cathy McCormack. Many of McCormack’s clients are musicians and songwriters. “Financial Management For Musicians” is the title of the book, but she says it is really more about organizing your financial life for what she calls this business of music. She offered to speak to the Songwriters Guild seminar participants about accounting, bookkeeping and money, and asked what the attendees would like to have covered in the seminar. Below is a summary of her presentation:
Cathy McCormack Let’s talk about the myths of money management and audits, to start the event. The definition of a hobby has several factors, and includes a test to determine whether there has been a loss in three of the proceeding five years. That is just one of the criteria in determining whether or not you have a hobby. A hobby can exist with respect top raising horses, painting, writing or anything that you can get involved in. They could be considered a business or a hobby. There are a lot more criteria to consider, and one important and significant issue is whether you have intent to make a profit.
Most people who launch into something that takes eighty percent of their time obviously have a profit motive. Your job is to prove that you have a profit motive and to keep good records to show how much time that you spend on the business. The time issue is extremely important. Keep your calendar in outlook or a manual calendar or on post-it notes, whatever that you do to document your schedule. It is one of the leading ways to prove that you have spent substantial time in trying to produce profit.
[Question] Should you keep track of time and expenses after your first two years of losses?
Cathy McCormack This is something that you should have for every year you are in business. When people first start to write, they do not think of it as a business so they don’t track time or expenses very well. Some people knew from the minute that they are born what they wanted to do and immediately launched into it. When people get started in songwriting and have a different career “day job,” they tend not to keep good records. Then they hear they cannot take losses for three years in a row, so they do not even bother with keeping the records.
I encourage you when you first start writing songs to keep track of your expenses, keep a good calendar, and track of everything that would help your accountant to support what you are doing for your songwriting career. You can show losses your entire life. Many people fear of getting audited and will not deduct their expenses. Don’t lose opportunities for fear of the audit myth. Take your losses every single year.
I have had clients get audited because they have taken losses over a period of years. I represented them, proving profit motive and everything was fine. Two years ago a client was audited. He has a studio in his home, has been writing all his life. He has a wife who has made money and she off set her income with his losses. He had a big hit and is going to start showing substantial profit, which solidified the fact that he is a writer with profit motive. In addition, he had a calendar and sufficient data to show that he spent his life trying to launch this business.
There was a court case about ten years ago with respect to a painter that was audited and the IRS agent ruled the painter had a hobby. The painter had very good records; they went on to tax court and the painter won, as the judge ruled it was a proven fact that many artists did not become famous until after they died. (Laughter in the room.) One time is all it takes to put you on a map after all the years of working toward that goal. That court case has been used several times in the music business and other creative industries.
[Question] So you are saying that you need a calendar to prove a profit motive?
Cathy McCormack You need a calendar to prove the amount of time that you spent on your craft.
[Question] Is there a minimum amount of time to prove you had a profit motive?
Cathy McCormack It is about you being a member of organizations that support your efforts, keeping brochures and pamphlets of seminars that you have attended, keeping records of your co-writing appointments or interviewing people to get ideas. You calendar is a support for the other things that you do with your songwriting career.
[Question] The point of the profit motive is for your taxes?
Cathy McCormack No, the profit motive is to prove your songwriting is not just a hobby. It shows you are very serious about it and you want to make money at the songwriting. Make sure that you do act like a business, keep good records of your time and expenses.
[Question] What happens if you have many years of no income in the songwriting business?
Cathy McCormack That happens and that is OK. You deduct it on a schedule C with your tax return and show your losses against other income that you make during the year.
[Question] Is there any rule about how much money that you can make and still have a loss on your taxes?
Cathy McCormack You can have negative income, but the thing that triggers an audit is to show an income below the standards that the IRS has set that they feel you can live on. To continue to show poverty level income on your return can trigger an audit. They will audit you because they believe that you have an income that you are not showing on your tax forms. I have represented people in those categories. They ask how can you live and eat in the kind of house and survive making this low amount of money? They come in to make sure you are reporting all of your income.
[Question] I have been living on inheritance in the past year. Is this going to trigger an audit?
Cathy McCormack If you have inheritance money, you likely have it invested, and can show investment income. If I were looking at your tax return, I would look to see how you have been able to sustain those losses. If I saw that you had interest and dividend income, then I would say this person has money saved up that has sustained your lifestyle during the process of trying to launch your business. Those kinds of things are taken into consideration when the IRS triggers audits.
You would not get audited because you continue to have losses. If you had no income at all and you showed losses and carried those losses forward, then you would probably get triggered for an audit because it looked like you had unreported income. If they audit you, come in and find you clean, they put a note in your file that says this was a clean audit. That establishes a good track record for you. If you come back with those ratios mentioned previously about audits, then they will probably skip you from an audit. If they audit you and find errors, they can recommend that you be audited in the future.
[Question] What about forming your own publishing company for business and tax issues?
Cathy McCormack The type of entity is very important and heavily debated of whether you should incorporate. When you incorporate or form another entity, you are complicating your life. It does supply a limited liability, which should be the only reason that you incorporate. Joint relationships require a second entity, and that can be complicated if there are substantial dollars at stake. Then you need to incorporate.
[Question] What about self-publishing. Do I need a separate entity?
Cathy McCormack No, you don’t need to incorporate. It is best if you keep it simple, not incorporating or forming other types of entities. Even as you start to make money, people think they should immediately set up a business and incorporate. Unless you accumulate substantial wealth and in a risky business, there is really NO reason to incorporate. It would make your life more complex. There is this myth out there that it will save you taxes if you incorporate and it is absolutely false – it will cost you more money! You would also have to prepare more tax forms. It would involve more income for us accountants, but it is not in the best interest of the clients.
[Question] To collect royalties, you have to have a name for your publishing, but you do not have to have a separate business – right?
Cathy McCormack Yes – you could have a “dba” (doing business as) and that will work for you. You are a sole proprietor and it does not add an extra level of complexity.
[Question] I started getting royalties in about 1990, was doing my own taxes, and filed my royalties under schedule E. I even called the IRS and the agent said what I was doing was OK. Later when I hired an accountant, they said that was wrong. Could you explain a Schedule E?
Cathy McCormack Schedule C is where you report self-employment income, an activity that you are involved in as a business like your publishing company. Schedule E is for passive activities such as activities that you are not heavily involved in or rental properties. If you were a passive owner of an oil well, then royalties would get reported on a Schedule E. It is not subject to self-employment tax – social security and Medicare.
If you are a songwriter, you are actively involved with the production of royalty income and as a result, that is considered an active activity, not a passive activity. You will not win in an audit if you put it in a Schedule E. If you inherit a song catalog from someone and you were not the one who generated that money, then it is correct to report royalties on Schedule E. If you are involved in the writing of the songs, then put it on Schedule C of your tax forms.
If you have had income in the past and you generate what we call a net operating loss, that loss can be carried back to years where you had revenue and you can recover taxes for years past. You may be a candidate for loss carry back. If you had a loss in the 2002 year, you can go back to 1997 though 1998, 1999 and up to that particular year. For losses in 2003 and later, you can do a two-year carry back.
If you are looking at your 1040 and have a negative number on that bottom line, you have what is called a net operating loss, and that loss can be carried back – use that loss against income in the future, forward or against income tax that you have already paid. You can go back to previous years, report the loss against the income you reported that year, and get a refund for the tax you paid for that particular year. You can carry the loss forward for many years before those losses expire.
Someday, when you have income, you can use your current losses to offset those incomes. You have three years to amend your taxes and show those losses that you were afraid to show in the past. You can carry your loss forward and tell the government that is what you are doing, if you do not want to carry it backward. As soon as I see a client that has an operating loss, I stop right there, call the client and ask what is going to happen next year. If they are expecting to make money the next year, as they may have a song on a popular CD that will make money next year, they may want to carry the loss forward.
[Question] Deductible equipment – for instance software that comes with a rebate – can I use my credit card record as proof that I purchased this equipment or do I need the original receipt?
Cathy McCormack You have to have a receipt. The government is getting very sticky about using credit card receipts. They accept if you can show that those deductions are legitimate in other ways, but they prefer you use a receipt. If you get an agent that is rigid, he or she may not take the credit card as a receipt.
Many times I have clients who buy equipment at a garage sale and need a receipt. We have the garage sale owner sing a piece of paper for documentation, or the client will note in their calendar that they bought a piece of equipment at a garage sale. Cut out the clipping in the paper about the garage sale to prove there was a sale on that date.
[Question] What about using your computer to keep track of your records for the year?
Cathy McCormack One of the best computer software programs is Quicken for keeping up with your personal business. You can use it to even just keep track of your checkbook and credit cards. At the end of the year, you can print out the report for your accountant to do your tax return. I just recently represented someone in an audit that used Quicken and because the client had great records, it really went very smoothly and quickly.
[Question] What kinds of receipts does the IRS want to see when they do an audit?
Cathy McCormack They want to see the actual receipts. In Quicken, you can import your credit card records. The client I referred to had gotten rid of several of their receipts, but luckily, still had some of the receipts. In the end, the agent let us use the receipts that we had to justify expenses for the year. The IRS wants actual receipts from the stores where clients buy their products. A statement form the checkbook or credit card company doesn’t meant anything to the IRS.
[Question] What kind of receipts does a songwriter need to keep?
Cathy McCormack If you deduct it on your taxes, you need the receipts. Money in a parking meter is a deduction; you need to write it down somewhere to show how it is an expense. I keep a log in the side of my car door with an ink pen in the middle. If I am somewhere and pay an expense like a meter or something, I write it down beside my mileage and total it up at the end of the year.
[Question] What does it cost someone to get audited – fees for an accountant?
Cathy McCormack The better your records are, the less the cost. Sometimes we have to find court cases to prove the IRS does not know what they are talking about with our clients.
[Question] Whether you are acquitted or not, those fees are your responsibility and not deducted from your taxes- right?
Cathy McCormack It is tax deductible if you have to pay an accountant to represent you. Cost versus benefit – nine out of ten times you are better off with an accountant on your side. You are not going to know how to negotiate or what to look for when dealing with the IRS.
I had a client recently that if he would have represented himself and not know the laws about schedule E and Schedule C, he would have owed the government about $25,000. Instead, he owed them $1,000. My fee was nominal in comparison of how much I saved him in the audit. I try hard to make the client do the legwork so they do not have to pay me to calculate their receipts, mileage and expenses. You do not want to have to pay me $200 an hour or my staff at $60 plus an hour to run a calculator when you can do that yourself. I am very conscientious about keeping fees down for my clients. It is my job to save you money, even on accountant fees.
[Question] I use Quicken and have my receipts. What do you need to see for my records if I came to you?
Cathy McCormack I do not need to see your receipts unless there is an item that I need to break down, such as equipment that you buy. We sometimes make what we call section 179 election. The tax code that allows you to write off equipment for the full purchase price in the year that you buy it. It is a wonderful thing as they have been increasing the limits as we go along. The limit is getting ready to go up to $100,000.00 a year that you can write off, as long as you have earned income to write off against it.
We have to have the details of your equipment, whether we make that election or not. If you put good details in your Quicken, the report will tell me what it is that you are deducting from your taxes. If you know you are going to have a nice income coming forward, you can go ahead and make the election, knowing it is not going to benefit you until next year. I have clients going to buy these big SUVs that they use for at least 50% business and writing them off on their taxes.
[Question] When I show a positive Schedule C income, what percent of that can I apply to my IRA?
Cathy McCormack There is an algebraic formula when you are self-employed. It is 25% of your income, but because you have to subtract from the income, it actually becomes 20% of your net profit on Schedule C. It used to be 15%, which actually algebraically became 13%. It has recently changed to the new figures on Schedule C.
You can now do a one-person 401K. If you see that you are going to make a lot of money the next year, you may want to go ahead and set up a 401K. That law was new in 2002. If you had up to $12,000 profit for the year, you can put that amount in your 401K. This is ideal when you know you are going to have a huge year.
[Question] Auto expenses: what should we know about them and the records that we keep for them?
Cathy McCormack That is probably one of the area that most people are the weakest in keeping records – everyone hates to keep mileage logs. Unfortunately, the mileage logs are the only perfect way to support you in an audit. You do not have to write down your odometer reading every time you are in and out of the car — just the business miles for the trip. You do need to write your odometer reading on January first and December 31st.
For your business miles, use your trip counter to track the daily miles. If you are going to 10 places in one day, just write the list and your mileage for the day. Write down where you went and the business purpose of the trip. I keep my business purpose written in my calendar and where I went in my mileage log.
There are two ways to expense your car. You can use the standard mileage rate in effect for that year or your actual expenses at the time of your business percentage usage. The problem is you still have to keep a log either way, because you have to calculate how much you are using your car for business. I use credit card for expenses, and import those charges and records to my Quicken program. It can get you in some deep debt too, so be real careful. I pay my credit card off every month and download my transactions enough to know what I am spending to make sure that I do not overspend. You have to monitor yourself or you will get in trouble with the credit cards.
[Question] I use a Day Runner to write down every day where I am going, the mileage logs and gas expenses. Is the OK?
Cathy McCormack There are a million ways you can keep track of your miles and expenses. I have a lot of clients that spend a lot of time and miles on the road. They may get one of those expandable files to keep their expenses and I have some that just won’t keep the records. I just give them an envelope and at the end of the year, someone will spread the expenses out. Put them in stacks by category and pile them up. You have to find the method that works for you. The key is keeping the receipts and the proof of your expenses. You have to think that if this is in any way a business expense, that you are keeping that receipt. It is lost money if you throw the receipt in the trash and it can add up over the course of a year!
[Question] Working out of your home office, what should we look for in writing down expenses?
Cathy McCormack Using your home, you can deduct a percentage of your rent and all the expenses in relation to where you are staying. You must have a room that is designated 100% business, cannot be multi-use, and you cannot have a bed in the room. You may also write off a percentage of your utilities, insurance and rent. Those items are what we call operating expenses. If you do not have profit, they are not deducted, but they are carried forward.
With respect to your telephone expenses, they go right on your schedule C for business deduction. The government says that the first phone line in your home is personal because all households have one, and you will have it whether you have a business or not. Any features that you add to the phone are tax deductible 100%. Your cell phone is considered a second phone, even if it is multi-use. It is your second telephone and 100% write off. If you do not have a landline phone, just your cell phone, you will have to allocate it based on business and personal calls. You can ask the cell phone company to give you detailed billing. You go through and highlight the business calls. The key to taxes is keeping records as organized as possible!
[Question] Are there other home office deductions that we can claim for our taxes?
Cathy McCormack If you own your home, the property tax and mortgage interest is deductible regardless of whether you have a loss on your schedule C. There are several reasons that you want it on your Schedule C. One in particular relates to medical expenses. Some of the expenses, such as medical that you deduct on your return the limits, are based on your adjusted gross income. When you have Schedule C, that income or loss impacts your adjusted gross income on page one of your 1040. You want that number to be as low as possible. Whenever you can put something on your Schedule C, you want to do it.
[Question] I have a one-bedroom apartment. Do I need to partition it off to write the deductions on my taxes?
Cathy McCormack Some people use their dining room or a little nook that can be written off as you have your computer and desk in the area. Measure off the space, even though you rent it.
[Question] If you have a DSL line or cable Internet, can you write those off?
Cathy McCormack I have cable and Internet and write 100% off on my taxes. Your cable for your TV is NOT going to be 100% deductible. Most musicians write off 50% of cable and those in the TV production business tend to write of more than 50%. We us usually categorize Cable as research – MTV, CMT, GAC – and those types of programs. The cable for your computer is a 100% write off. Also – if you buy CDs of other artists for research, you may write off 100% of the music purchases. A musician’s CD collection is ten times what a normal person would have, and is most definitely used for research.
[Question] Where do you list CDs as expenses?
Cathy McCormack On the second page of Schedule C there is a place to put “other deductions” that do not fit into any other category – write down research.
[Question] Demo costs are astronomical and I list them as professional services. What do you recommend that I list demo cost in what category?
Cathy McCormack If they are not much money, I write them off as demo costs under the “other categories.” However there is a rule that demo costs are supposed to be capitalized and amortized over the revenue stream. A lot of people have no revenue stream or no determinable revenue stream. There is what we call a Safe Harbor election that you can make to amortize those costs over a three-year period. You get 50% of the demo cost in the first year, then 25% and 25% the following years.
[Question] What is the category “Professional Services” used for in the tax forms?
Cathy McCormack They are used for a lawyer, accountant, songplugger, or consultant that you hire for your business. You do not want that number to be astronomical or it will go into another category.
[Question] Do you 1099 the songplugger and your accountant?
Cathy McCormack You are actually supposed to 1099 your accountant, lawyer, and song plugger. If you hire someone to fix equipment, you are supposed to give him a 1099 form if he makes more than $600.00 from doing business with you.
[Question] How much is the Quicken program?
Cathy McCormack I just got the 2004 version personal version for about $60.00. Something else that I should mention regarding credit cards. When you charge the item, it is deductible when charged, not when you pay the bill. This applies if you charge an item in November, and maybe pay the bill in January. Write it off for the previous year – when you bought the item. Go shopping on December 31st, put it on your credit card, and pay for it the next year. Health insurance is also deductible if you are self-employed and that comes off before your adjusted gross income. However, you must have profit on your Schedule C or it will have to be reported on Schedule A as medical deductions.
[Question] I have paid my quarterly tax bill late this past year. How does that affect my reputation with the IRS – do they flag me?
Cathy McCormack They do not flag you, but charge you interest for late payment based on the number of days that you are late. I always check the IRS penalties, as I have caught them using the wrong figures to penalize some of my clients.
[Question] If I go to lunch with a co-writer, can I deduct our lunch off my taxes?
Cathy McCormack Yes, you deduct half of it, but keep the receipt, even for meals under $25.00. The only time you do not have to have the receipt is when you are on a per diem. Per Diem is deductible for overnight travel only. Travel days are included if it takes you overnight to get to your destination. The IRS website has downloadable per diem amounts for you to use. Each city has it’s own per diem rate, so be sure to use the IRS information. Hotels are fully deductible and meals are only 50% deductible.
[Question] I have events for songwriters at my house. What do I need to show that this is not ordinary household expense for the extra food, paper supplies, and beverages?
Cathy McCormack Keep a record of your invites, print out of the invitations, and take notes on how many you are planning on having for the events. That is fully deductible, it is not entertainment. Call it a networking meeting event. It would go under “Other” on your Schedule C, and call it whatever creative name you want to call it.
[Question] What are the most common mistakes songwriters make for their taxes?
Cathy McCormack Probably not keeping good records. I have one client that it is difficult for her to keep receipts. I tell her that if she does not have a receipt, it does not exist and I cannot pull it out of the air. We dig through her wallet, purse and pockets to find receipts. It is the hardest thing to get clients to do – receipts. You need to develop those good habits to keep your records of your expenses. Seek qualified advice to make your decisions. Peers are good to help conjure up questions, but make decisions from advice of a professional.