Vocal Scales & Tempo

singing teacher

Singing Exercises & Scales

  • Stand with your shoulders relaxed, arms by your side.
  • Breath in slowly.
  • Start with the Scales singing Ooh, Eee, Aa, Aah to each scale.
  • Sing one note, holding the note for as long as you can without becoming short of breath.
  • Do NOT suck in your stomach!
  • Repeat the exercise with different notes using doh, ray, me, far, so, la, te, doh.
  • Use different mouth shapes like “ooh”, “ee”, “a” and “aah” – Practice to OEAAH.
  • Try singing up and down a scale (called an arpeggio).  Practice to each of the scales listed below.
  • Sing short notes (known as Staccato) as well as long ones – Practice to Staccato.
  • Record your efforts, notice the notes that do not sound right and concentrate on those until they do!
  • Listen to the difference in your recordings over the next few weeks practice sessions to hear the improvement in your voice.

We have provided a full list of scales A to G including sharps/flats.  The following is a list of midi files for you to practice online.

Each of the midi scales has 3 Octaves (apologies to those who require higher or lower than this) pick the most comfortable or you can practice to all three if your range reaches to that extent.  DO NOT OVERSTRETCH YOUR VOICE – if you cannot reach a note do not attempt to push your voice or you may damage your vocal chords.

Practice each scale using one shape at a time i.e., Ooh – then repeat with Ee, Aa, Aah.

  • A Scale – 3 Octaves of the A scale.
  • A#/Bb Scale – 3 Octaves.
  • B Scale – 3 Octaves of the B scale.
  • C Scale – 3 Octaves of the C scale.
  • C#/Db Scale – 3 Octaves.
  • D Scale – 3 Octaves of the D scale.
  • D#/Eb Scale – 3 Octaves.
  • E Scale – 3 Octaves.
  • F Scale – 3 Octaves.
  • F#/Gb Scale – 3 Octaves.
  • G Scale – 3 Octaves.

Ohh, Ee, Aa, Aah – 1 Octave split into 2 bars of each note including sharps/flats – sing the whole section with all the shapes starting with Ooh for 2 beats, then Ee, Aa, Aah for 2 beats each which will complete the 2 bar section, continue through the whole exercise.

Staccato – 1 Octave split into 2 bars of each note including sharps/flats – begin with one shape i.e., Aah and sing all the way through then repeat with each shape.

Practice all of the above with various mouth shapes & sounds and take note of how your voice sounds with each, the position of your tongue and the feeling it creates in your body.  Watch yourself in a mirror and ensure that you remain relaxed whilst you practice – do not tense your neck, shoulder or throat muscles during these exercises.

Practise these every day if possible – Once a week is the minimum you need to exercise your vocal scales but we recommend you use a daily routine which includes breathing exercises and relaxation – this can be achieved in an hour so theres no excuse!